Articles are a kind
of adjective, they show how particular or how
general a noun is.
There are three kinds
of article: the, a/an, and having
no article, zero article.
2. A/An - Indefinite
A is used
for indefinite things. For example:
- I have a book.
I don't have a specific book, just any book
- She lives in a house. Again, the house
is just a general house, not a particular house.
A is also
used only for singular countable nouns.
- A book, a chair,
a person, a building, etc.
An has the
same meanng as a.
A is used in front of words starting with
a consonant sound, such as b, c, d, g, p.
An is used in front of words that start
with a vowel sound such as a, e, i, o, or u.
- a bear, a fox,
- an apple, an egg, an umbrella.
An can also
be used before words starting with "h".
Sometimes this is optional, for example: a hotel,
or "an hotel". Here the "h"
sound in hotel is pronounced.
Occasionally this is not optional, for example:
an honor, not a honor. The "h"
sound in honor is not pronounced, so this word
actually starts with the vowel sound "o".
As a result, we need to use an.
2. The - Definite
The is used
for particular, definite things. For example:
The is used
for something already mentioned.particular,
definite thing. For example:
The is used
for a particular, definite thing. For example:
3. Zero Article
Zero article is generally
for when something is seen as neither definite
nor indefinite, it simply exists.
is used in front of plural countable nouns.
I like eggs.
I like an eggs.
Flowers are beautiful.
A flowers are beautiful.
is used in front of singular uncountable nouns.
I like milk.
I like a milk.
Soccer is fun.
The soccer is fun.
is used in front of proper nouns. For example:
My name is Jeremy.
My name is a Jeremy.
I live in London.
I live in a London.
These are guidelines
not rules, and usage of all articles depends
entirely on the current context and perspective
of the speaker. Articles take a long time to
master, especially if your native language does
not have articles such as in Korean or Japanese.
Try to understand what things are definite and
what things are not from an English perspective,
and as you experience more English your confidence
and ability with articles will grow. Good luck!
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