1. Quantifiers - Some / Any
Quantifiers are words
that show how much there is of something - they
show quantity. Numbers for example are also
Some is used
to show an indefinite quantity, the exact number
is not important. It is used in affirmative
statements, for example:
- I have some books.
- She wants some apples.
Some is also
in questions, but only when you think the answer
wil be "Yes". For example:
- Do you have some paper? (I hope the answer
- Would you like some french fries? ( I expect
the anwer is "Yes")
Any is used
in negative statements. For example:
- I don't have any money.
- There aren't any taxis near here.
Any is also generally
used in questions, especially when we expect
the answer to be "No". for example:
- Do you have any paper? (I expect the answer
will probably be "No")
- Is there any time to go to the doctor's? (
I think there probably isn't time).
This can however
look and sound awkward, so you can sometimes
just use ' instead. For example with
Thomas's book, Tess's house can also
be Thomas' book, Tess' house.
Some and any
are often used like articles for plural nouns.
A/an is used for singular countable nouns,
and some/any can be used for plural noun, countable
or uncountable. For example:
I have a newspaper, some newspapers, and some
"A newspaper" is a singular countable
noun so uses a, "newspapers"
is a plural countable nouns so uses some,
and money is an uncountable noun so also uses
As always it seems
complicated especially the first time, but when
you use grammar rather than just read about
it it makes much more sense, and as you grow
in experience and confidence you'll soon be
learning to use English grammar well. On with
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