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Grammar

1. Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns tell which person or thing we are speaking about.
The personal pronouns in English are:

Singular

I

You

He

She

It

Plural

We

You

They

2. Verb "to be"

The verb "be" means to exist.

It is a linking verb, it links a subject and a thing connected with that subject.
The present simple forms of "to be" are as follow:

Singular

I am

You are

He is

She is

It is

Plural

We are

You are

They are

3. First Sentences

English is a Subject-Verb-Object (SVO) language - meaning that sentences are made with the subject first, then the verb, and finally the object. Using the above grammar we can now make basic English sentences, for example:
- I am a teacher
- She is happy
- They are students

Languages like French and Chinese are also SVO languages, but other languages are different. For example, Japanese, Korean and Persian are Subject-Object-Verb languages, so you wouldn't say "She is happy", you'd say "She happy is"!

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