Future - Going
is used to show a future intention. For example:
- I'm going to go on vacation next summer.
- We're going to start our own business.
future sentences are made as follows:
Subject - verb "to be" - going to
- infinitive verb. For example: They are going
to have dinner.
is used for future plans. For example:
- I'm going to see my friends this evening.
- He's going to write a book.
- What are you going to do?
Going to is
also used to make a prediction based on present
evidence. For example:
- He's going to fall over! (I can see he's in
- She's going to win. (I can see she's winning
Will and going
to are both used for predictions and sometimes
there is little difference in meaning. Compare:
- It will be sunny this afternoon. (A general
- It's going to be sunny this afternoon. (because
it's getting warmer now)
Going to with
the Past Simple of "to be" is often
used for an intention or plan that wasn't actually
done. For example:
- I was going to meet my friends but I didn't
- We were going to take a vacation but it was
Going to is
often contracted to gonna in spoken English.
- "I'm gonna buy a new computer."