The Simple Present
is used to make statements about the present
time. It is used in the following ways.
- Permanent facts: These sentences give
facts which are always true.
It is cold in winter. - The sun shines. - Fish
live in water.
- Present facts: These sentences are
I work at home. - She plays the piano.
"I work at home" doesn't mean I am
working right now, but it does mean that in
my present condition I work at home.
- Habitual actions: I get up at 8.00.
- They come here every day.
These actions are repeated regularly, so they
are considered a present reality and are expressed
in the Simple Present.
Here is the verb "to give in the Simple
2. Spelling Rules
for the Present Simple
If you look above
you'll see the spelling doesn't change, except
for the third person singular (He, She, It)
which adds an "s" to the verb. For
example "I eat - He eats".
Sometimes other spelling rules also apply to
He, She and It. All the following verbs add
"es" instead of "s":
The short forms for the negative verb "to
be" are as follows:
in -o add -es
in -s add -es
in -x add -es
in -ch add -es
in -sh add -es
in a consonant and -y often change
the -y to -ies:
as "buy" have no consonant before
the "y", so you simply add -s
do - does,
go - goes
pass - passes,
kiss - kisses
fix - fixes,
mix - mixes
match - matches,
catch - catches
push - pushes,
rush - rushes
try - tries,
cry - cries
buy - buys, pay - pays.