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The World Factbook 2002

  Field Listing - Population below poverty line


National estimates of the percentage of the population lying below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations.
Country
Population below poverty line (%)
Afghanistan NA%
Albania 30% (2001 est.)
Algeria 23% (1999 est.)
American Samoa NA%
Andorra NA%
Angola NA%
Anguilla NA%
Antigua and Barbuda NA%
Argentina 37% (2001 est.)
Armenia 55% (2001 est.)
Aruba NA%
Australia NA%
Austria NA%
Azerbaijan 64% (2001 est.)
Bahamas, The NA%
Bahrain NA%
Bangladesh 35.6% (FY95/96 est.)
Barbados NA%
Belarus 22% (1995 est.)
Belgium 4%
Belize 33% (1999 est.)
Benin 37% (2001 est.)
Bermuda NA%
Bhutan NA%
Bolivia 70% (1999 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina NA%
Botswana 47% (2000 est.)
Brazil 22% (1998 est.)
British Virgin Islands NA%
Brunei NA%
Bulgaria 35% (2000 est.)
Burkina Faso 45% (2001 est.)
Burma 25% (2000 est.)
Burundi 70% (2001 est.)
Cambodia 36% (1997 est.)
Cameroon 48% (2000 est.)
Canada NA%
Cape Verde 30% (2000)
Cayman Islands NA%
Central African Republic NA%
Chad 80% (2001 est.)
Chile 22% (1998 est.)
China 10% (2001 est.)
Christmas Island NA%
Cocos (Keeling) Islands NA%
Colombia 55% (2001)
Comoros 60% (2001 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the NA%
Congo, Republic of the NA%
Cook Islands NA%
Costa Rica 20.6% (1999 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire NA%
Croatia NA%
Cuba NA%
Cyprus NA%
Czech Republic NA%
Denmark NA%
Djibouti 50% (2001 est.)
Dominica NA%
Dominican Republic 25% (1999 est.)
East Timor 42% (2002 est.)
Ecuador 70% (2001 est.)
Egypt 22.9% (FY95/96 est.)
El Salvador 48% (1999 est.)
Equatorial Guinea NA%
Eritrea NA%
Estonia 25% of households (2000)
Ethiopia 64% (1996)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) NA%
Faroe Islands NA%
Fiji 25.5% (1990-91)
Finland NA%
France NA%
French Guiana NA%
French Polynesia NA%
Gabon NA%
Gambia, The NA%
Gaza Strip 60% (2001 est.)
Georgia 54% (2001 est.)
Germany NA%
Ghana 31.4% (1992 est.)
Gibraltar NA%
Greece NA%
Greenland NA%
Grenada NA%
Guadeloupe NA%
Guam 23% (2001 est.)
Guatemala 60% (2000 est.)
Guernsey NA%
Guinea 40% (1994 est.)
Guinea-Bissau NA%
Guyana NA%
Haiti 80% (1998 est.)
Holy See (Vatican City) NA%
Honduras 53% (1993 est.)
Hong Kong NA%
Hungary 8.6% (1993 est.)
Iceland NA%
India 25% (2001 est.)
Indonesia 27% (1999)
Iran 53% (1996 est.)
Iraq NA%
Ireland 10% (1997 est.)
Israel NA%
Italy NA%
Jamaica 34.2% (1992 est.)
Japan NA%
Jersey NA%
Jordan 30% (2001 est.)
Kazakhstan 26% (2001 est.)
Kenya 50% (2000 est.)
Kiribati NA%
Korea, North NA%
Korea, South 4% (2001 est.)
Kuwait NA%
Kyrgyzstan 55% (2001 est.)
Laos 40% (2001 est.)
Latvia NA%
Lebanon 28% (1999 est.)
Lesotho 49.2% (1999 est.)
Liberia 80%
Libya NA%
Liechtenstein NA%
Lithuania NA%
Luxembourg NA%
Macau NA%
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of 24% (2001 est.)
Madagascar 70% (1994 est.)
Malawi 54% (FY90/91 est.)
Malaysia 8% (1998 est.)
Maldives NA%
Mali 64% average; 30% of the total population living in urban areas; 76% of the total population living in rural areas) (2001 est.)
Malta NA%
Man, Isle of NA%
Marshall Islands NA%
Martinique NA%
Mauritania 50% (2001 est.)
Mauritius 10% (2001 est.)
Mayotte NA%
Mexico 40% (2001 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States of NA%
Moldova 80% (2001 est.)
Monaco NA%
Mongolia 36% (2001 est.)
Montserrat NA%
Morocco 19% (1999 est.)
Mozambique 70% (2001 est.)
Namibia NA%
Nauru NA%
Nepal 42% (FY95/96 est.)
Netherlands NA%
Netherlands Antilles NA%
New Caledonia NA%
New Zealand NA%
Nicaragua 50% (2001 est.)
Niger 63% (1993 est.)
Nigeria 45% (2000 est.)
Niue NA%
Norfolk Island NA%
Northern Mariana Islands NA%
Norway NA%
Oman NA%
Pakistan 35% (2001 est.)
Palau NA%
Panama 37% (1999 est.)
Papua New Guinea 37%
Paraguay 36% (2001 est.)
Peru 50% (2000 est.)
Philippines 40% (2001 est.)
Pitcairn Islands NA%
Poland 18.4% (2000 est.)
Portugal NA%
Puerto Rico NA%
Qatar NA%
Reunion NA%
Romania 44.5% (2000)
Russia 40% (1999 est.)
Rwanda 70% (2000 est.)
Saint Helena NA%
Saint Kitts and Nevis NA%
Saint Lucia NA%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon NA%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines NA%
Samoa NA%
San Marino NA%
Sao Tome and Principe NA%
Saudi Arabia NA%
Senegal 54% (2001 est.)
Seychelles NA%
Sierra Leone 68% (1989 est.)
Singapore NA%
Slovakia NA%
Slovenia NA%
Solomon Islands NA%
Somalia NA%
South Africa 50% (2000 est.)
Spain NA%
Sri Lanka 22% (1997 est.)
Sudan NA%
Suriname NA%
Svalbard NA%
Swaziland NA%
Sweden NA%
Switzerland NA%
Syria 15%-25%
Taiwan 1% (2000 est.)
Tajikistan 80% (2001 est.)
Tanzania 51.1% (1991 est.)
Thailand 12.5% (1998 est.)
Togo 32% (1989 est.)
Tokelau NA%
Tonga NA%
Trinidad and Tobago 21% (1992 est.)
Tunisia 6% (2000 est.)
Turkey NA%
Turkmenistan 34.4% (2001 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands NA%
Tuvalu NA%
Uganda 35% (2001 est.)
Ukraine 29% (2001 est.)
United Arab Emirates NA%
United Kingdom 17%
United States 12.7% (2001 est.)
Uruguay 6% (1997)
Uzbekistan NA%
Vanuatu NA%
Venezuela 67% (1997 est.)
Vietnam 37% (1998 est.)
Virgin Islands NA%
Wallis and Futuna NA%
West Bank 50% (2001 est.)
Western Sahara NA%
Yemen NA
Yugoslavia 30%
Zambia 86% (1993 est.)
Zimbabwe 60% (1999 est.)

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002

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