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The World Factbook 2002

  Field Listing - Highways


This entry includes the total length of the highway system as well as the length of the paved and unpaved components.
Country
Highways ( km)
Afghanistan total: 21,000 km
paved: 2,793 km
unpaved: 18,207 km (1998 est.)
Albania total: 18,000 km
paved: 5,400 km
unpaved: 12,600 km (1998 est.)
Algeria total: 104,000 km
paved: 71,656 km (including 640 km of expressways)
unpaved: 32,344 km (1996 est.)
American Samoa total: 350 km
paved: 150 km
unpaved: 200 km
Andorra total: 269 km
paved: 198 km
unpaved: 71 km (1994 est.)
Angola total: 76,626 km
paved: 19,156 km
unpaved: 57,470 km (1997)
Anguilla total: 105 km
paved: 65 km
unpaved: 40 km (1998 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda total: 1,165 km
paved: 384 km
unpaved: 781 km
note: it is assumed that the main roads are paved; the secondary roads are assumed to be unpaved (1995)
Argentina total: 215,434 km
paved: 63,553 km (including 734 km of expressways)
unpaved: 151,881 km (1998 est.)
Armenia total: 11,300 km
paved: 10,500 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 800 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Aruba total: 800 km
paved: 513 km
unpaved: 287 km
note: most coastal roads are paved, while unpaved roads serve large tracts of the interior (1995)
Australia total: 913,000 km
paved: 353,331 km (including 1,363 km of expressways)
unpaved: 559,669 km (1996)
Austria total: 133,361 km
paved: 133,361 km (including 1,613 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1998)
Azerbaijan total: 36,700 km
paved: 31,800 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 4,900 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Bahamas, The total: 2,693 km
paved: 1,546 km
unpaved: 1,147 km (1997)
Bahrain 3,164 km
paved: 2,433 km
unpaved: 731 km
note: a paved causeway links Bahrain and Saudi Arabia
Bangladesh total: 201,182 km
paved: 19,112 km
unpaved: 182,070 km (1997)
Barbados total: 1,650 km
paved: 1,628 km
unpaved: 22 km (1998)
Belarus total: 98,200 km
paved: 66,100 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 32,100 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Belgium total: 145,774 km
paved: 116,182 km (including 1,674 km of expressways)
unpaved: 29,592 km (1999)
Belize total: 2,880 km
paved: 490 km
unpaved: 2,390 km (1998 est.)
Benin total: 6,787 km
paved: 1,357 km (including 10 km of expressways)
unpaved: 5,430 km (1997 est.)
Bermuda total: 450 km
paved: 450 km
unpaved: 0 km
note: public roads - 209 km; private roads - 241 km (1997)
Bhutan total: 3,285 km
paved: 1,994 km
unpaved: 1,291 km (1996)
Bolivia total: 49,400 km
paved: 2,500 km (including 30 km of expressways)
unpaved: 46,900 km (1996)
Bosnia and Herzegovina total: 21,846 km
paved: 14,020 km
unpaved: 7,826 km
note: road system is in need of maintenance and repair (2001)
Botswana total: 10,217 km
paved: 5,620 km
unpaved: 4,597 km (1999)
Brazil total: 1.98 million km
paved: 184,140 km
unpaved: 1,795,860 km (1996)
British Indian Ocean Territory total: NA km
paved: short stretch of paved road of NA km between port and airfield on Diego Garcia
unpaved: NA km
British Virgin Islands total: 177 km
paved: 177 km
unpaved: 0 km (2000)
Brunei total: 1,712 km
paved: 1,284 km
unpaved: 428 km (1996)
Bulgaria total: 37,288 km
paved: 33,786 km (including 324 km of expressways)
unpaved: 3,502 km (2001)
Burkina Faso total: 12,506 km
paved: 2,001 km
unpaved: 10,505 km (1996)
Burma total: 28,200 km
paved: 3,440 km
unpaved: 24,760 km (1996)
Burundi total: 14,480 km
paved: 1,028 km
unpaved: 13,452 km (1996)
Cambodia total: 35,769 km
paved: 4,165 km
unpaved: 31,604 km (1997)
Cameroon total: 34,300 km
paved: 4,288 km
unpaved: 30,012 km (1995)
Canada total: 901,902 km
paved: 318,371 km (including 16,571 km of expressways)
unpaved: 583,531 km (1999)
Cape Verde total: 1,100 km
paved: 858 km
unpaved: 242 km (1996)
Cayman Islands total: 406 km
paved: 304 km
unpaved: 102 km
Central African Republic total: 23,810 km
paved: 429 km
unpaved: 23,381 km (2000)
Chad total: 33,400 km
paved: 450 km
unpaved: 32,950 km
note: probably no more than 8,000 km of the total receive maintenance, the remainder being desert tracks (2000)
Chile total: 79,800 km
paved: 11,012 km
unpaved: 68,788 km (1996)
China total: 1.4 million km
paved: 271,300 km (with at least 16,000 km of expressways)
unpaved: 1,128,700 km (1999)
Christmas Island total: 140 km (not including 100 km that is maintained by private industry)
paved: 30 km
unpaved: 110 km (1999)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands total: 15 km (2001)
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Colombia total: 110,000 km
paved: 26,000 km
unpaved: 84,000 km (2000)
Comoros total: 880 km
paved: 673 km
unpaved: 207 km (1996)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the total: 157,000 km (including 30 km of expressways)(1996)
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Congo, Republic of the total: 12,800 km
paved: 1,242 km
unpaved: 11,558 km (1996)
Cook Islands total: 320 km (1992)
paved: NA
unpaved: NA
Costa Rica total: 37,273 km
paved: 7,827 km
unpaved: 29,446 km (1998 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire total: 50,400 km
paved: 4,889 km
unpaved: 45,511 km (1996)
Croatia total: 28,009 km
paved: 23,695 km (including 330 km of expressways)
unpaved: 4,314 km (2001)
Cuba total: 60,858 km
paved: 29,820 km (including 638 km of expressway)
unpaved: 31,038 km (1997)
Cyprus total: Greek Cypriot area: 10,663 km (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 2,350 km (1996 est.)
paved: Greek Cypriot area: 6,249 km (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 1,370 km (1996 est.)
unpaved: Greek Cypriot area: 4,414 km (1998 est.); Turkish Cypriot area: 980 km (1996 est.)
Czech Republic total: 55,432 km
paved: 55,432 km (including 499 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (2000)
Denmark total: 71,474 km
paved: 71,474 km (including 880 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Djibouti total: 2,890 km
paved: 364 km
unpaved: 2,526 km (1996)
Dominica total: 780 km
paved: 390 km
unpaved: 390 km (2001)
Dominican Republic total: 12,600 km
paved: 6,224 km
unpaved: 6,376 km (1996)
East Timor total: 3,800 km
paved: 428 km
unpaved: 3,372 km (1995)
Ecuador total: 43,197 km
paved: 8,165 km
unpaved: 35,032 km (2001)
Egypt total: 64,000 km
paved: 50,000 km
unpaved: 14,000 km (1996)
El Salvador total: 10,029 km
paved: 1,986 km (including 327 km of expressways)
unpaved: 8,043 km (1997)
Equatorial Guinea total: 2,880 km
paved: 0 km
unpaved: 2,880 km (1996)
Eritrea total: 3,850 km
paved: 810 km
unpaved: 3,040 km (2000)
Estonia total: 30,300 km
paved: 29,200 km (including 75 km of expressways); note - these roads are said to be hard-surfaced, and include, in addition to conventionally paved roads, some that are surfaced with gravel or other coarse aggregate, making them trafficable in all weather
unpaved: 1,100 km (2000)
Ethiopia total: 24,145 km
paved: 3,290 km
unpaved: 20,855 km (1998)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) total: 550 km
paved: at least 50 km
unpaved: NA (2002)
Faroe Islands total: 463 km
paved: 454 km
unpaved: 9 km (1999)
Fiji total: 3,440 km
paved: 1,692 km
unpaved: 1,748 km (1996)
Finland total: 77,831 km
paved: 49,789 km (including 444 km of expressways)
unpaved: 28,042 km (1999)
France total: 892,900 km
paved: 892,900 km (including 9,900 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
French Guiana total: 1,817 km
paved: 817 km
unpaved: 1,000 km (1998)
French Polynesia total: 792 km
paved: 264 km
unpaved: 528 km (2000)
Gabon total: 7,670 km
paved: 629 km (including 30 km of expressways)
unpaved: 7,041 km (1996)
Gambia, The total: 2,700 km
paved: 956 km
unpaved: 1,744 km (1996)
Gaza Strip total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
note: small, poorly developed road network
Georgia total: 33,900 km
paved: 29,500 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 4,400 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Germany total: 656,140 km
paved: 650,891 km (including 11,400 km of expressways)
unpaved: 5,249 km (all-weather) (1998 est.)
Ghana total: 38,940 km
paved: 9,346 km (including 30 km of expressways)
unpaved: 29,594 km (2001)
Gibraltar total: 46.25 km
paved: 46.25 km
unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Greece total: 117,000 km
paved: 107,406 km (including 470 km of expressways)
unpaved: 9,594 km (1996)
Greenland total: 150 km
paved: 60 km
unpaved: 90 km
Grenada total: 1,040 km
paved: 638 km
unpaved: 402 km (1996)
Guadeloupe total: 2,560 km
paved: 965 km
unpaved: 1,595 km (1996)
Guam total: 885 km
paved: 675 km
unpaved: 210 km
note: there are also 685 km of roads classified non-public, including roads located on federal government installations
Guatemala total: 13,856 km
paved: 4,370 km (including 140 km of expressways)
unpaved: 9,486 km (1998)
Guernsey total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Guinea total: 30,500 km
paved: 5,033 km
unpaved: 25,467 km (1996)
Guinea-Bissau total: 4,400 km
paved: 453 km
unpaved: 3,947 km (1996)
Guyana total: 7,970 km
paved: 590 km
unpaved: 7,380 km (1996)
Haiti total: 4,160 km
paved: 1,011 km
unpaved: 3,149 km (1996)
Holy See (Vatican City) none; all city streets
Honduras total: 15,400 km
paved: 3,126 km
unpaved: 12,274 km (1999 est.)
Hong Kong total: 1,831 km
paved: 1,831 km
unpaved: 0 km (1997)
Hungary total: 188,203 km
paved: 81,680 km (including 448 km of expressways)
unpaved: 106,523 km (1998 est.)
Iceland total: 12,691 km
paved: 3,262 km
unpaved: 9,429 km (1999)
India total: 3,319,644 km
paved: 1,517,077 km
unpaved: 1,802,567 km (1996)
Indonesia total: 342,700 km
paved: 158,670 km
unpaved: 184,030 km (1997)
Iran total: 140,200 km
paved: 49,440 km (including 470 km of expressways)
unpaved: 90,760 km (1998 est.)
Iraq total: 45,550 km
paved: 38,400 km
unpaved: 7,150 km (1996 est.)
Ireland total: 92,500 km
paved: 87,043 km (including 115 km of expressways)
unpaved: 5,457 km (1999 est.)
Israel total: 15,965 km
paved: 15,965 km (including 56 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)
Italy total: 668,669 km
paved: 668,669 km (including 6,460 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Jamaica total: 19,000 km
paved: 13,433 km
unpaved: 5,567 km (1997)
Japan total: 1,152,207 km
paved: 863,003 km (including 6,114 km of expressways)
unpaved: 289,204 km (1997 est.)
Jersey total: 577 km (1995)
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Jordan total: 8,000 km
paved: 8,000 km
unpaved: 0 km (2000 est.)
Kazakhstan total: 189,000 km
paved: 108,100 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 80,900 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Kenya total: 63,800 km
paved: 8,932 km
unpaved: 54,868 km (2001)
Kiribati total: 670 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
note: 27 km are paved in South Tarawa (2001)
Korea, North total: 31,200 km
paved: 1,997 km
unpaved: 29,203 km (1996)
Korea, South total: 87,534 km
paved: 65,388 km (including 1,996 km of expressways)
unpaved: 22,146 km (1999)
Kuwait total: 4,450 km
paved: 3,590 km
unpaved: 860 km (1999 est.)
Kyrgyzstan total: 30,300 km (including 140 km of expressways)
paved: 22,600 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 7,700 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Laos total: 14,000 km
paved: 3,360 km
unpaved: 10,640 km (1991)
Latvia total: 59,178 km
paved: 22,843 km
unpaved: 36,335 km (1998 est.)
Lebanon total: 7,300 km
paved: 6,350 km
unpaved: 950 km (1999 est.)
Lesotho total: 4,955 km
paved: 887 km
unpaved: 4,068 km (1996)
Liberia total: 10,600 km
paved: 657 km
unpaved: 9,943 km
note: there is major deterioration on all highways due to heavy rains and lack of maintenance (1996 est.)
Libya total: 24,484 km
paved: 6,798 km
unpaved: 17,686 km
note: data for the length of unpaved roads include the assumption that because they were listed as secondary roads, they are unpaved; some may be paved and some part of the primary roads may not be paved (1996)
Liechtenstein total: 250 km
paved: 250 km
unpaved: 0 km
Lithuania total: 44,000 km
paved: 35,500 km
unpaved: 8,500 km (2001)
Luxembourg total: 5,166 km
paved: 5,166 km (including 118 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Macau total: 50 km
paved: 50 km
unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of total: 8,684 km
paved: 5,540 km (including 133 km of expressways)
unpaved: 3,144 km (1997)
Madagascar total: 49,837 km
paved: 5,781 km
unpaved: 44,056 km (1996)
Malawi total: 14,594 km
paved: 2,773 km
unpaved: 11,821 km (2001)
Malaysia total: 64,672 km
paved: 48,707 km (including 1,192 km of expressways)
unpaved: 15,965 km
note: in addition to these national and main regional roads, Malaysia has thousands of kilometers of local roads that are maintained by local jurisdictions (1999)
Maldives total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km; note - Male has 9.6 km of coral highways within the city (1988 est.)
Mali total: 15,100 km
paved: 1,827 km
unpaved: 13,273 km (1996)
Malta total: 1,742 km
paved: 1,677 km
unpaved: 65 km (1997)
Man, Isle of total: 800 km
paved: 800 km
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Marshall Islands total: NA km
paved: 64.5 km
unpaved: NA km
note: paved roads on major islands (Majuro, Kwajalein), otherwise stone-, coral-, or laterite-surfaced roads and tracks (2002)
Martinique total: 2,105 km (2000)
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Mauritania total: 7,720 km
paved: 830 km
unpaved: 6,890 km (2000)
Mauritius total: 1,860 km
paved: 1,786 km (including 36 km of expressways)
unpaved: 74 km (2001)
Mayotte total: 93 km
paved: 72 km
unpaved: 21 km
Mexico total: 323,977 km
paved: 96,221 km (including 6,335 km of expressways)
unpaved: 227,756 km (1997)
Micronesia, Federated States of total: 240 km
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (1996)
Midway Islands total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Moldova total: 20,000 km
paved: 13,900 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 6,100 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Monaco total: 50 km
paved: 50 km
unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Mongolia total: 3,387 km
paved: 1,563 km
unpaved: 1,824 km
note: there are also 45,862 km of rural roads that consist of rough, unimproved, cross-country tracks (2000)
Montserrat total: 269 km
paved: 203 km
unpaved: 66 km (1995)
Morocco total: 57,847 km
paved: 30,254 km (including 327 km of expressways)
unpaved: 27,593 km (1998)
Mozambique total: 30,400 km
paved: 5,685 km
unpaved: 24,715 km (1996)
Namibia total: 64,800 km
paved: 5,378 km
unpaved: 59,430 km (2001)
Nauru total: 30 km
paved: 24 km
unpaved: 6 km (1998 est.)
Nepal total: 13,223 km
paved: 4,073 km
unpaved: 9,150 km (April 1999)
Netherlands total: 116,500 km
paved: 104,850 km (including 2,235 km of expressways)
unpaved: 11,650 km (1999)
Netherlands Antilles total: 600 km
paved: 300 km
unpaved: 300 km (1992)
New Caledonia total: 4,825 km
paved: 2,287 km
unpaved: 2,538 km (1999)
New Zealand total: 92,200 km
paved: 53,568 km (including at least 144 km of expressways)
unpaved: 38,632 km (1996)
Nicaragua total: 16,382 km
paved: 1,818 km
unpaved: 14,564 km (1998)
Niger total: 10,100 km
paved: 798 km
unpaved: 9,302 km (1996)
Nigeria total: 193,200 km
paved: 59,892 km (including 1,194 km of expressways)
unpaved: 133,308 km
note: many of the roads reported as paved may be graveled; because of poor maintenance and years of heavy freight traffic - in part the result of the failure of the railroad system - much of the road system is barely usable (2001)
Niue total: 234 km
paved: 86 km
unpaved: 148 km (106 km of which is access and plantation road) (2001)
Norfolk Island total: 80 km
paved: 53 km
unpaved: 27 km (2001)
Northern Mariana Islands total: 362 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km (1991)
Norway total: 91,180 km
paved: 67,838 km (including 109 km of expressways)
unpaved: 23,342 km (1999)
Oman total: 32,800 km
paved: 9,840 km (including 550 km of expressways)
unpaved: 22,960 km (1996)
Pakistan total: 247,811 km
paved: 141,252 km (including 339 km of expressways)
unpaved: 106,559 km (1998)
Palau total: 61 km
paved: 36 km
unpaved: 25 km
Palmyra Atoll much of the road and many causeways built during World War II are unserviceable and overgrown (2001)
Panama total: 11,592 km
paved: 4,079 km (including 30 km of expressways)
unpaved: 7,513 km (2000)
Papua New Guinea total: 19,600 km
paved: 686 km
unpaved: 18,914 km (1996)
Paraguay total: 25,901 km
paved: 3,067 km
unpaved: 22,834 km (2001)
Peru total: 72,900 km
paved: 8,700 km
unpaved: 64,200 km (1999 est.)
Philippines total: 199,950 km
paved: 39,590 km
unpaved: 160,360 km (1998 est.)
Pitcairn Islands total: 6.4 km
paved: 0 km
unpaved: 6.4 km
Poland total: 381,046 km
paved: 249,966 km (including 268 km of expressways)
unpaved: 131,080 km (1998)
Portugal total: 68,732 km
paved: 59,110 km (including 797 km of expressways)
unpaved: 9,622 km (1999)
Puerto Rico total: 14,400 km
paved: 14,400 km
unpaved: 0 km (1996)
Qatar total: 1,230 km
paved: 1,107 km
unpaved: 123 km (1996)
Reunion total: 2,724 km
paved: 1,300 km (including 73 km of four-lane road)
unpaved: 1,424 km
note: 370 km of road are maintained by national authorities, 754 km by departmental authorities and 1,600 km by local authorities (1994)
Romania total: 153,359 km
paved: 103,671 km (including 133 km of expressways)
unpaved: 49,688 km (1998 est.)
Russia total: 952,000 km
paved: 752,000 km (including about 336,000 km of conventionally paved roads, and about 416,000 km of roads with all-weather gravel surfaces)
unpaved: 200,000 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1998)
Rwanda total: 12,000 km
paved: 1,000 km
unpaved: 11,000 km (1997 est.)
Saint Helena total: 158 km (Saint Helena 118 km, Ascension 40 km, Tristan da Cunha 0 km)
paved: 138 km (Saint Helena 98km, Ascension 40 km, Tristan da Cunha 0 km)
unpaved: 20 km (Saint Helena 20 km, Ascension 0 km, Tristan da Cunha 0 km)
Saint Kitts and Nevis total: 320 km
paved: 136 km
unpaved: 184 km (2000)
Saint Lucia total: 1,210 km
paved: 63 km
unpaved: 1,147 km (1996)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon total: 114 km
paved: 69 km
unpaved: 45 km (1994 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines total: 1,040 km
paved: 320 km
unpaved: 720 km (1996)
Samoa total: 836 km
paved: 267 km
unpaved: 569 km (1983)
San Marino total: 220 km
paved: 220 km
unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Sao Tome and Principe total: 320 km
paved: 218 km
unpaved: 102 km (1996)
Saudi Arabia total: 146,524 km
paved: 44,104 km
unpaved: 102,420 km (1997 est.)
Senegal total: 14,576 km
paved: 4,271 km
unpaved: 10,305 km (1996)
Seychelles total: 280 km
paved: 176 km
unpaved: 104 km (1997)
Sierra Leone total: 11,700 km
paved: 936 km
unpaved: 10,764 km (2002)
Singapore total: 3,150 km
paved: 3,066 km (including 150 km of expressways)
unpaved: 84 km (2000)
Slovakia total: 17,710 km
paved: 17,533 km (including 288 km of expressways)
unpaved: 177 km (1998 est.)
Slovenia total: 19,586 km
paved: 17,745 km (including 249 km of expressways)
unpaved: 1,841 km (1998 est.)
Solomon Islands total: 1,360 km
paved: 34 km
unpaved: 1,326 km (includes about 800 km of private plantation roads) (1996 est.)
Somalia total: 22,100 km
paved: 2,608 km
unpaved: 19,492 km (1996)
South Africa total: 358,596 km
paved: 59,753 km (including 1,927 km of expressways)
unpaved: 298,843 km (1996)
Spain total: 346,858 km
paved: 343,389 km (including 9,063 km of expressways)
unpaved: 3,469 km (1997)
Sri Lanka total: 11,285 km
paved: 10,721 km
unpaved: 564 km (1998 est.)
Sudan total: 11,900 km
paved: 4,320 km
unpaved: 7,580 km (1996)
Suriname total: 4,530 km
paved: 1,178 km
unpaved: 3,352 km (1996)
Svalbard total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Swaziland total: 3,800 km
paved: 1,064 km
unpaved: 2,736 km (2002)
Sweden total: 210,760 km
paved: 162,707 km (including 1,428 km of expressways)
unpaved: 48,053 km (1999)
Switzerland total: 71,059 km (including 1,638 km of expressways)
paved: 71,059 km
unpaved: 0 km (1999)
Syria total: 41,451 km
paved: 9,575 km (including 877 km of expressways)
unpaved: 31,876 km (1997)
Taiwan total: 34,901 km
paved: 31,271 km (including 538 km of expressways)
unpaved: 3,630 km (1998 est.)
Tajikistan total: 29,900 km
paved: 21,400 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 8,500 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Tanzania total: 85,000 km
paved: 4,250 km
unpaved: 80,750 km (2001)
Thailand total: 64,600 km
paved: 62,985 km
unpaved: 1,615 km (1996)
Togo total: 7,520 km
paved: 2,376 km
unpaved: 5,144 km (1996)
Tokelau total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Tonga total: 680 km
paved: 184 km
unpaved: 496 km (1996)
Trinidad and Tobago total: 8,320 km
paved: 4,252 km
unpaved: 4,068 km (1996)
Tunisia total: 23,100 km
paved: 18,226 km
unpaved: 4,874 km (1996)
Turkey total: 382,059 km
paved: 106,976 km (including 1,726 km of expressways)
unpaved: 275,083 km (1999 est.)
Turkmenistan total: 22,000 km
paved: 18,000 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 4,000 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1996)
Turks and Caicos Islands total: 121 km
paved: 24 km
unpaved: 97 km (2000)
Tuvalu total: 19.5 km
paved: 0 km
unpaved: 19.5 km (2002)
Uganda total: 27,000 km
paved: 1,800 km
unpaved: 25,200 km (of which about 4,200 km are all-weather roads) (1990)
Ukraine total: 273,700 km
paved: 236,400 km (including 1,770 km of expressways and a substantial amount of all-weather roads with gravel surfaces)
unpaved: 37,300 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
United Arab Emirates total: 4,835 km
paved: 4,835 km
unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)
United Kingdom total: 371,603 km
paved: 371,603 km (including 3,303 km of expressways)
unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)
United States total: 6,370,031 km
paved: 5,733,028 km (including 74,091 km of expressways)
unpaved: 637,003 km (1997)
Uruguay total: 8,764 km
paved: 7,800 km
unpaved: 964 km (2001)
Uzbekistan total: 81,600 km
paved: 71,237 km (includes some all-weather gravel-surfaced roads)
unpaved: 10,363 km (these roads are made of unstabilized earth and are difficult to negotiate in wet weather) (1990)
Vanuatu total: 1,070 km
paved: 256 km
unpaved: 814 km (1996)
Venezuela total: 96,155 km
paved: 32,308 km
unpaved: 63,847 km (1997 est.)
Vietnam total: 93,300 km
paved: 23,418 km
unpaved: 69,882 km (1996)
Virgin Islands total: 856 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km (2000)
Wallis and Futuna total: 120 km (Ile Uvea 100 km, Ile Futuna 20 km)
paved: 16 km (all on Ile Uvea)
unpaved: 104 km (Ile Uvea 84 km, Ile Futuna 20 km)
West Bank total: 4,500 km
paved: 2,700 km
unpaved: 1,800 km (1997 est.)
note: Israelis have developed many highways to service Jewish settlements
Western Sahara total: 6,200 km
paved: 1,350 km
unpaved: 4,850 km (1991 est.)
World total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Yemen total: 69,263 km
paved: 9,963 km
unpaved: 59,300 km (1999)
Yugoslavia total: 48,603 km
paved: 28,822 km (including 560 km of expressways)
unpaved: 19,781 km
note: because of the 1999 Kosovo conflict, many road bridges were destroyed; since the end of the conflict in June 1999, there has been an intensive program to either rebuild bridges or build by-pass routes (1999)
Zambia total: 66,781 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km (1997 est.)
Zimbabwe total: 18,338 km
paved: 8,692 km
unpaved: 9,646 km (2002)

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002

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