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The World Factbook 2002

  Field Listing - Maritime claims


This entry includes the following claims: contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, exclusive fishing zone, extended fishing zone, none (usually for a landlocked country), other (unique maritime claims like Libya's Gulf of Sidra Closing Line or North Korea's Military Boundary Line), and territorial sea. The proximity of neighboring states may prevent some national claims from being extended the full distance.
Country
Maritime claims
Afghanistan none (landlocked)
Albania continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
Algeria exclusive fishing zone: 32-52 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
American Samoa exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Andorra none (landlocked)
Angola contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Anguilla exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Antarctica none; 20 of 27 Antarctic consultative nations have made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia and the US have reserved the right to do so) and do not recognize the claims of the other nations; also see the Disputes - international entry
Antigua and Barbuda contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Argentina contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Armenia none (landlocked)
Aruba territorial sea: 12 NM
Ashmore and Cartier Islands contiguous zone: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Australia contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Austria none (landlocked)
Azerbaijan none (landlocked)
Bahamas, The exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Bahrain contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
territorial sea: 12 NM
Baker Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Bangladesh contiguous zone: 18 NM
continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Barbados exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Bassas da India exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Belarus none (landlocked)
Belgium continental shelf: median line with neighbors
exclusive fishing zone: median line with neighbors (extends about 68 km from coast)
territorial sea: 12 NM
Belize exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM in the north, 3 NM in the south; note - from the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial sea is 3 NM; according to Belize's Maritime Areas Act, 1992, the purpose of this limitation is to provide a framework for the negotiation of a definitive agreement on territorial differences with Guatemala
Benin territorial sea: 200 NM
Bermuda exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Bhutan none (landlocked)
Bolivia none (landlocked)
Bosnia and Herzegovina NA
Botswana none (landlocked)
Bouvet Island territorial sea: 4 NM
Brazil contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
British Indian Ocean Territory exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
British Virgin Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Brunei exclusive economic zone: 200 NM or to median line
territorial sea: 12 NM
Bulgaria contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Burkina Faso none (landlocked)
Burma contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Burundi none (landlocked)
Cambodia contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cameroon territorial sea: 50 NM
Canada contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cape Verde measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cayman Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Central African Republic none (landlocked)
Chad none (landlocked)
Chile contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200/350 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
China contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Christmas Island contiguous zone: 12 NM
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Clipperton Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cocos (Keeling) Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Colombia continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Comoros exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Congo, Democratic Republic of the exclusive economic zone: boundaries with neighbors
territorial sea: 12 NM
Congo, Republic of the territorial sea: 200 NM
Cook Islands continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Coral Sea Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Costa Rica exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cote d'Ivoire continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Croatia continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cuba exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Cyprus continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
Czech Republic none (landlocked)
Denmark continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Djibouti contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Dominica contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Dominican Republic contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 6 NM
East Timor contiguous zone: NA NM
exclusive fishing zone: NA NM
continental shelf: NA NM
exclusive economic zone: NA NM
territorial sea: NA NM
extended fishing zone: NA NM
Ecuador continental shelf: claims continental shelf between mainland and Galapagos Islands
territorial sea: 200 NM
Egypt contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
El Salvador territorial sea: 200 NM
Equatorial Guinea exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Eritrea territorial sea: 12 NM
Estonia exclusive economic zone: limits fixed in coordination with neighboring states
territorial sea: 12 NM
Ethiopia none (landlocked)
Europa Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Faroe Islands continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
territorial sea: 3 NM
Fiji measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Finland continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM; extends to continental shelf boundary with Sweden
territorial sea: 12 NM (in the Gulf of Finland - 3 NM)
France contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM (does not apply to the Mediterranean)
territorial sea: 12 NM
French Guiana exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
French Polynesia exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
French Southern and Antarctic Lands exclusive economic zone: 200 NM from Iles Kerguelen only
territorial sea: 12 NM
Gabon contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Gambia, The contiguous zone: 18 NM
continental shelf: not specified
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Gaza Strip Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
Georgia NA
Germany continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Ghana contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Gibraltar territorial sea: 3 NM
Glorioso Islands exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Greece continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 6 NM
Greenland continental shelf: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM or agreed boundaries or median line
territorial sea: 3 NM
Grenada exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Guadeloupe exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Guam exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Guatemala continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Guernsey exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Guinea exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Guinea-Bissau exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Guyana continental shelf: 200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Haiti contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Heard Island and McDonald Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Holy See (Vatican City) none (landlocked)
Honduras contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Hong Kong territorial sea: 3 NM
Howland Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Hungary none (landlocked)
Iceland continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
India contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Indonesia measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Iran contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: natural prolongation
exclusive economic zone: bilateral agreements or median lines in the Persian Gulf
territorial sea: 12 NM
Iraq continental shelf: not specified
territorial sea: 12 NM
Ireland exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Israel continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
Italy continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
Jamaica measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Jan Mayen contiguous zone: 10 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 4 NM
Japan contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait
Jarvis Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Jersey exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Johnston Atoll exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Jordan territorial sea: 3 NM
Juan de Nova Island continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Kazakhstan none (landlocked)
Kenya continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Kingman Reef exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Kiribati exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Korea, North territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
note: military boundary line 50 NM in the Sea of Japan and the exclusive economic zone limit in the Yellow Sea where all foreign vessels and aircraft without permission are banned
Korea, South contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: not specified
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the Korea Strait
Kuwait territorial sea: 12 NM
Kyrgyzstan none (landlocked)
Laos none (landlocked)
Latvia continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Lebanon territorial sea: 12 NM
Lesotho none (landlocked)
Liberia territorial sea: 200 NM
Libya territorial sea: 12 NM
note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north
Liechtenstein none (landlocked)
Lithuania territorial sea: 12 NM
Luxembourg none (landlocked)
Macau not specified
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of none (landlocked)
Madagascar contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or 100 NM from the 2,500-m deep isobath
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Malawi none (landlocked)
Malaysia continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; specified boundary in the South China Sea
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Maldives measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Mali none (landlocked)
Malta contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Man, Isle of exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Marshall Islands contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Martinique exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Mauritania contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Mauritius continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Mayotte exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Mexico contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Micronesia, Federated States of exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Midway Islands exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Moldova none (landlocked)
Monaco territorial sea: 12 NM
Mongolia none (landlocked)
Montserrat exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Morocco contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Mozambique exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Namibia contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Nauru contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Navassa Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Nepal none (landlocked)
Netherlands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Netherlands Antilles exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
New Caledonia exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
New Zealand continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Nicaragua continental shelf: natural prolongation
territorial sea: 200 NM
Niger none (landlocked)
Nigeria continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Niue exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Norfolk Island exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Northern Mariana Islands exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Norway contiguous zone: 10 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 4 NM
Oman contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Pakistan contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Palau exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
extended fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Palmyra Atoll exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Panama contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Papua New Guinea measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Paracel Islands NA
Paraguay none (landlocked)
Peru continental shelf: 200 NM
territorial sea: 200 NM
Philippines continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 NM from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 NM in breadth
Pitcairn Islands exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Poland exclusive economic zone: defined by international treaties
territorial sea: 12 NM
Portugal contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Puerto Rico exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Qatar contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line
territorial sea: 12 NM
Reunion exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Romania contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Russia continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Rwanda none (landlocked)
Saint Helena exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Saint Kitts and Nevis contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Saint Lucia contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Saint Pierre and Miquelon exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Samoa exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
San Marino none (landlocked)
Sao Tome and Principe measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Saudi Arabia contiguous zone: 18 NM
continental shelf: not specified
territorial sea: 12 NM
Senegal contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Seychelles contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Sierra Leone territorial sea: 12 NM
contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Singapore exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
territorial sea: 3 NM
Slovakia none (landlocked)
Slovenia NA
Solomon Islands measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
continental shelf: 200 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Somalia territorial sea: 200 NM
South Africa contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Spain contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean)
territorial sea: 12 NM
Spratly Islands NA
Sri Lanka contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Sudan contiguous zone: 18 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
Suriname exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Svalbard exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM unilaterally claimed by Norway but not recognized by Russia
territorial sea: 4 NM
Swaziland none (landlocked)
Sweden continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlines
territorial sea: 12 NM (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)
Switzerland none (landlocked)
Syria contiguous zone: 41 NM
territorial sea: 35 NM
Taiwan exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Tajikistan none (landlocked)
Tanzania exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Thailand continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Togo exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 30 NM
Tokelau exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Tonga continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Trinidad and Tobago measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Tromelin Island continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Tunisia contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Turkey exclusive economic zone: in Black Sea only: to the maritime boundary agreed upon with the former USSR
territorial sea: 6 NM in the Aegean Sea; 12 NM in Black Sea and in Mediterranean Sea
Turkmenistan none (landlocked)
Turks and Caicos Islands exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Tuvalu contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Uganda none (landlocked)
Ukraine continental shelf: 200-m or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
United Arab Emirates contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
United Kingdom continental shelf: as defined in continental shelf orders or in accordance with agreed upon boundaries
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
United States contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: not specified
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Uruguay contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Uzbekistan none (doubly landlocked)
Vanuatu measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Venezuela contiguous zone: 15 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Vietnam contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Virgin Islands exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Wake Island exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Wallis and Futuna exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
West Bank none (landlocked)
Western Sahara contingent upon resolution of sovereignty issue
World a variety of situations exist, but in general, most countries make the following claims: contiguous zone - 24 NM; continental shelf - 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation, or 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin; exclusive fishing zone - 200 NM; exclusive economic zone - 200 NM; territorial sea - 12 NM; boundary situations with neighboring states prevent many countries from extending their fishing or economic zones to a full 200 NM; 43 nations and other areas that are landlocked include Afghanistan, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Czech Republic, Ethiopia, Holy See (Vatican City), Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malawi, Mali, Moldova, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Paraguay, Rwanda, San Marino, Slovakia, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, West Bank, Zambia, Zimbabwe; two of these, Liechtenstein and Uzbekistan, are doubly landlocked
Yemen contiguous zone: 24 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Yugoslavia NA
Zambia none (landlocked)
Zimbabwe none (landlocked)

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002

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