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The World Factbook 2002

  Field Listing - Net migration rate


This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. High levels of migration can cause problems such as increasing unemployment and potential ethnic strife (if people are coming in) or a reduction in the labor force, perhaps in certain key sectors (if people are leaving).
Country
Net migration rate ( migrant(s)/1,000 population)
Afghanistan 10.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Albania -1.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Algeria -0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
American Samoa 3.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Andorra 6.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Angola 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Anguilla 15.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Antigua and Barbuda -6.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Argentina 0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Armenia -3.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Aruba NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Australia 4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Austria 2.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Azerbaijan -5.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bahamas, The -2.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bahrain 1.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bangladesh -0.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Barbados -0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Belarus 2.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Belgium 0.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Belize 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Benin 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bermuda 2.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bhutan 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bolivia -1.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Botswana 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Brazil -0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
British Virgin Islands 10.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Brunei 3.91 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Bulgaria -4.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Burkina Faso -0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Burma -1.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Burundi 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cambodia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cameroon NA migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Canada 6.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cape Verde -12.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cayman Islands 12.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2002 est.)
Central African Republic 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Chad 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Chile 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
China -0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Christmas Island NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Cocos (Keeling) Islands NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Colombia -0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Comoros NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the -2.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: one million refugees fled into Zaire (now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo or DROC) in 1994 as a result of the ethnic fighting in Rwanda; fighting in the DROC between rebels and government forces in October 1996 caused 875,000 refugees to return to Rwanda in late 1996 and early 1997 and additional refugees have returned in subsequent years; fighting between the Congolese government and Uganda- and Rwanda-backed Congolese rebels spawned a regional war in DROC in August 1998, which left 1.8 million Congolese displaced in DROC and caused 300,000 Congolese refugees to flee to surrounding countries (2002 est.)
Congo, Republic of the 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Costa Rica 0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cote d'Ivoire 1.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: after Liberia's civil war started in 1990, more than 350,000 refugees fled to Cote d'Ivoire; by the end of 1999 most Liberian refugees were assumed to have returned (2002 est.)
Croatia 9.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cuba -1.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Cyprus 0.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Czech Republic 0.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Denmark 2.01 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Djibouti 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Dominica -18.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Dominican Republic -3.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
East Timor 51.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Ecuador -0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Egypt -0.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
El Salvador -3.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Equatorial Guinea NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Eritrea 7.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: UNHCR began repatriating about 150,000 Eritrean refugees from Sudan in 2001 following the restoration of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 2000 (2002 est.)
Estonia -0.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Ethiopia 0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: repatriation of Ethiopians who fled to Sudan for refuge from war and famine in earlier years is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese and Somali refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2002 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Faroe Islands 2.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Fiji -3.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Finland 0.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
France 0.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
French Guiana 8.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
French Polynesia 3.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Gabon 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Gambia, The 2.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Gaza Strip 1.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Georgia -2.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Germany 3.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Ghana -0.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Gibraltar NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Greece 1.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Greenland -8.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Grenada -15.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Guadeloupe -0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Guam 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Guatemala -1.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Guernsey 3.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Guinea 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: as a result of civil war in neighboring countries, Guinea is host to approximately 150,000 Liberian and Sierra Leonean refugees (2002 est.)
Guinea-Bissau -1.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Guyana -6.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Haiti -2.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Honduras -2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Hong Kong 7.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Hungary 0.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Iceland -2.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
India -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Indonesia -0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Iran -4.46 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Iraq 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Ireland 4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Israel 2.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Italy 1.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Jamaica -6.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Japan 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Jersey 2.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Jordan 6.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Kazakhstan -6.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Kenya -1.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: according to UNHCR, by the end of 2001 Kenya was host to 220,000 refugees from neighboring countries, including: Somalia 145,000 and Sudan 68,000 (2002 est.)
Kiribati 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Korea, North 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Korea, South 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Kuwait 13.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Kyrgyzstan -2.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Laos 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Latvia -1.23 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Lebanon 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Lesotho -0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Liberia -10.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: by the end of 1999, all Liberian refugees who had fled the domestic strife were assumed to have returned (2002 est.)
Libya 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Liechtenstein 4.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Lithuania 0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Luxembourg 9.26 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Macau 9.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of -1.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Madagascar 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Malawi 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Malaysia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2002 est.)
Maldives 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mali -0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Malta 2.36 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Man, Isle of 5.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Marshall Islands 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Martinique -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mauritania 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mauritius -0.92 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mayotte 9.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mexico -2.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Moldova -0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Monaco 7.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mongolia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Montserrat 74.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Morocco -1.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Mozambique 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Namibia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Nauru 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Nepal 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Netherlands 2.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Netherlands Antilles -0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
New Caledonia 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
New Zealand 4.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Nicaragua -1.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Niger -0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Nigeria 0.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Niue NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Norfolk Island NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Northern Mariana Islands 17.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Norway 2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Oman 0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Pakistan -0.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Palau 3.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Panama -1.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Papua New Guinea 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Paraguay -0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Peru -1.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Philippines -1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Pitcairn Islands NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Poland -0.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Portugal 0.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Puerto Rico -2.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Qatar 18.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Reunion 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Romania -0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Russia 0.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Rwanda -0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Saint Helena 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Saint Kitts and Nevis -9.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Saint Lucia -3.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon -4.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines -7.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Samoa -11.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
San Marino 11.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sao Tome and Principe -3.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Saudi Arabia 1.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Senegal 0.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Seychelles -5.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sierra Leone 6.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: by the end of 1999 refugees from Sierra Leone are assumed to be returning (2002 est.)
Singapore 26.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Slovakia 0.53 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Slovenia 2.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Solomon Islands 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Somalia 5.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
South Africa -1.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Spain 0.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sri Lanka -1.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sudan -0.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Suriname -8.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Svalbard NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Swaziland 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sweden 0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Switzerland 1.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Syria 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Taiwan -0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Tajikistan -3.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Tanzania -0.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Thailand 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Togo 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Tokelau NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Tonga 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Trinidad and Tobago -10.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Tunisia -0.63 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Turkey 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Turkmenistan -0.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Turks and Caicos Islands 12.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Tuvalu 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Uganda -0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: according to the UNHCR, by the end of 2001, Uganda was host to 178,815 refugees from a number of neighboring countries, including: Sudan 155,996, Rwanda 14,375, and Democratic Republic of the Congo 7,459 (2002 est.)
Ukraine -0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
United Arab Emirates 1.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
United Kingdom 1.06 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
United States 3.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Uruguay -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Uzbekistan -1.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Vanuatu 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Venezuela -0.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Vietnam -0.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Virgin Islands 0.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Wallis and Futuna NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
West Bank 3.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Yemen 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Yugoslavia -3.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zambia -0.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Zimbabwe NEGL migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is a small but steady flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa in search of better paid employment (2002 est.)

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002

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