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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Anguilla  
Flag of Anguilla
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Anguilla

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Anguilla
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.
   Geography    Anguilla
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
18 15 N, 63 10 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 102 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about half the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
61 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
salt, fish, lobster
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles
   People    Anguilla
Population:
Definition Field Listing
12,446 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 25% (male 1,575; female 1,529)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 4,356; female 4,124)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 383; female 479) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.44% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
14.94 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
15.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
23.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 76.5 years
female: 79.5 years (2002 est.)
male: 73.6 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Anguillan(s)
adjective: Anguillan
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black (predominant), mulatto, white
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7%, Baptist 5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 12 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 95%
female: 95% (1984 est.)
   Government    Anguilla
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Anguilla
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of the UK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
The Valley
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Anguilla Day, 30 May
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on English common law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter JOHNSTONE (since NA February 2000)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly
head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats total, 7 elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 3 March 2000 (next to be held NA June 2005)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UF 4, AUM 2, independent 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; The United Front or UF [Osbourne FLEMMING, Victor BANKS], a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS (associate), ECLAC (associate)
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below
   Economy    Anguilla
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry, which has spurred the growth of the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $104 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $8,600 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 4%
industry: 18%
services: 78% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
2.3% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
6,735 (1999)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
commerce 36%, services 29%, construction 18%, transportation and utilities 10%, manufacturing 3%, agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining 4%
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
8% (1999)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $20.4 million
expenditures: $23.3 million, including capital expenditures of $3.8 million (1997 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
3.1% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
45.85 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
42.6 million kWh
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$2.6 million (1999)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
UK, US, Puerto Rico
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$80.9 million (1999)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, textiles
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US, Puerto Rico, UK
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$8.8 million (1998)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$3.5 million (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XCD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Anguilla
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
4,974 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
1,629 (2000)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: modern internal telephone system
international: microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
3,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
1,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.ai
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
16 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
919 (2000)
   Transportation    Anguilla
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 105 km
paved: 65 km
unpaved: 40 km (1998 est.)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Blowing Point, Road Bay
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
3 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2001)
   Military    Anguilla
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Anguilla
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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