Top banner
The World Factbook 2002

         
  Barbados  
Flag of Barbados
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Barbados

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Barbados
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Its economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.
   Geography    Barbados
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
13 10 N, 59 32 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 431 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 431 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
97 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; rainy season (June to October)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
petroleum, fish, natural gas
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 37%
permanent crops: 2%
other: 61% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
10 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
easternmost Caribbean island
   People    Barbados
Population:
Definition Field Listing
276,607 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 21.4% (male 29,888; female 29,338)
15-64 years: 69.8% (male 94,214; female 98,811)
65 years and over: 8.8% (male 9,378; female 14,978) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.46% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
13.32 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
8.38 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.31 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
11.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 73.49 years
female: 76.12 years (2002 est.)
male: 70.9 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.64 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.17% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
1,800 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
130 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial)
adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Protestant 67% (Anglican 40%, Pentecostal 8%, Methodist 7%, other 12%), Roman Catholic 4%, none 17%, other 12%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97.4%
male: 98%
female: 96.8% (1995 est.)
   Government    Barbados
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Barbados
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Bridgetown
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
11 parishes; Christ Church, Saint Andrew, Saint George, Saint James, Saint John, Saint Joseph, Saint Lucy, Saint Michael, Saint Peter, Saint Philip, Saint Thomas; note - the city of Bridgetown may be given parish status
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
30 November 1966 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 30 November (1966)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
30 November 1966
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clifford Straughn HUSBANDS (since 1 June 1996)
head of government: Prime Minister Owen Seymour ARTHUR (since 6 September 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Billie MILLER (since 6 September 1994)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister appointed by the governor general
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21-member body appointed by the governor general) and the House of Assembly (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Assembly - last held 20 January 1999 (next to be held by January 2004)
election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - BLP 26, DLP 2
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court of Judicature (judges are appointed by the Service Commissions for the Judicial and Legal Services)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [Clyde MASCOLL]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Richard HAYNES]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Barbados Workers Union [Leroy TROTMAN]; Clement Payne Labor Union [David COMMISSIONG]; People's Progressive Movement [Eric SEALY]; Worker's Party of Barbados [Dr. George BELLE]
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Michael Ian KING
consulate(s): Los Angeles
consulate(s) general: Miami and New York
FAX: [1] (202) 332-7467
telephone: [1] (202) 939-9200
chancery: 2144 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Marcia BERNICHT
embassy: Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Building, Broad Street, Bridgetown; (courier) ALICO Building-Cheapside, Bridgetown
mailing address: P. O. Box 302, Bridgetown; CMR 1014, APO AA 34055
telephone: [1] (246) 436-4950
FAX: [1] (246) 429-5246
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and blue with the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)
   Economy    Barbados
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Historically, the Barbadian economy had been dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities, but production in recent years has diversified into manufacturing and tourism. Offshore finance and information services are important foreign exchange earners, and there is also a light manufacturing sector. The government continues its efforts to reduce unemployment, encourage direct foreign investment, and privatize remaining state-owned enterprises. The economy contracted in 2001 due to slowdowns in tourism and consumer spending. Growth will remain anemic in 2002 with a recovery likely near the end of the year.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $4 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
-2% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $14,500 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 6%
industry: 16%
services: 78% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
3.5% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
128,500 (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
services 75%, industry 15%, agriculture 10% (1996 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
10% (2001 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $847 million (including grants)
expenditures: $886 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
-3.2% (2000 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
740 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
688.2 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
sugarcane, vegetables, cotton
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$272 million (2000)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
sugar and molasses, rum, other foods and beverages, chemicals, electrical components, clothing
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean Community 43.2%, US 15.3%, UK 13.2% (2000)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$1.16 billion (2000)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
consumer goods, machinery, foodstuffs, construction materials, chemicals, fuel, electrical components
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 40.8%, Caribbean Community 19.8%, UK 8.1%, Japan 5.2%, Canada 4.2% (2000)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$425 million (2000 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$9.1 million (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Barbadian dollar (BBD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
BBD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Barbadian dollars per US dollar - 2.0000 (fixed rate pegged to the US dollar)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Barbados
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
108,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
8,013 (1997)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: island-wide automatic telephone system
international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Trinidad and Saint Lucia
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
237,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (plus two cable channels) (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
76,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.bb
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
19 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
6,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Barbados
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1,650 km
paved: 1,628 km
unpaved: 22 km (1998)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Bridgetown, Speightstown (Port Charles Marina)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 41 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 629,987 GRT/1,073,991 DWT
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, Bahamas, The 1, Canada 4, Germany 1, Greece 2, Hong Kong 7, Norway 7, United Kingdom 18 (2002 est.)
ships by type: bulk 9, cargo 26, combination bulk 1, container 1, petroleum tanker 4
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Barbados
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Royal Barbados Defense Force (including Ground Forces and Coast Guard), Royal Barbados Police Force
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 78,132 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 53,532 (2002 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
   Transnational Issues    Barbados
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
one of many Caribbean transshipment points for narcotics bound for Europe and the US

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Bottom Banner

 




Copyright © 2013 All rights reserved.