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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Dominican Republic  
Flag of Dominican Republic
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Dominican Republic

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Dominican Republic
Background:
Definition Field Listing
A legacy of unsettled, mostly nonrepresentative, rule for much of the 20th century was brought to an end in 1996 when free and open elections ushered in a new government.
   Geography    Dominican Republic
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
19 00 N, 70 40 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 48,730 sq km
land: 48,380 sq km
water: 350 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 360 km
border countries: Haiti 360 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
1,288 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
contiguous zone: 24 NM
territorial sea: 6 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
nickel, bauxite, gold, silver
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 21%
permanent crops: 10%
other: 69% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
2,590 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)
   People    Dominican Republic
Population:
Definition Field Listing
8,721,594 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 33.7% (male 1,503,344; female 1,439,157)
15-64 years: 61.3% (male 2,720,308; female 2,621,539)
65 years and over: 5% (male 206,556; female 230,690) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.61% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
24.4 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.68 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-3.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
33.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 73.68 years
female: 75.91 years (2002 est.)
male: 71.57 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.94 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.8% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
130,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
4,900 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Dominican(s)
adjective: Dominican
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
white 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 95%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Spanish
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 82.1%
male: 82%
female: 82.2% (1995 est.)
   Government    Dominican Republic
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Dominican Republic
conventional short form: none
local long form: Republica Dominicana
local short form: none
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
representative democracy
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Santo Domingo
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
29 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 district* (distrito); Azua, Baoruco, Barahona, Dajabon, Distrito Nacional*, Duarte, Elias Pina, El Seibo, Espaillat, Hato Mayor, Independencia, La Altagracia, La Romana, La Vega, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Monsenor Nouel, Monte Cristi, Monte Plata, Pedernales, Peravia, Puerto Plata, Salcedo, Samana, Sanchez Ramirez, San Cristobal, San Juan, San Pedro de Macoris, Santiago, Santiago Rodriguez, Valverde
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
27 February 1844 (from Haiti)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 27 February (1844)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
28 November 1966
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French civil codes
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age, universal and compulsory; married persons regardless of age
note: members of the armed forces and police cannot vote
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (since 16 August 2000); Vice President Milagros ORTIZ-BOSCH (since 16 August 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (since 16 August 2000); Vice President Milagros ORTIZ-BOSCH (since 16 August 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the president
elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 16 May 2000 (next to be held NA May 2004)
election results: Raphael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez elected president; percent of vote - Rafael Hipolito MEJIA Dominguez (PRD) 49.87%, Danilo MEDINA (PLD) 24.95%, Joaquin BALAGUER (PRSC) 24.6%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (149 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held 16 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2002); Chamber of Deputies - last held 16 May 1998 (next to be held NA May 2002)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRD 24, PLD 3, PRSC 3; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRD 83, PLD 49, PRSC 17
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are elected by a Council made up of members of the legislative and executive branches with the president presiding)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Dominican Liberation Party or PLD [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna]; Dominican Revolutionary Party or PRD [Hatuey DE CAMPS]; Social Christian Reformist Party or PRSC [Joaquin BALAGUER Ricardo]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Collective of Popular Organizations or COP
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, Caricom (observer), ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, LAIA (observer), NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Hugo GUILIANI Cury
consulate(s): Houston, Jacksonville, Mobile, and Ponce (Puerto Rico)
consulate(s) general: Boston, Chicago, Mayaguez (Puerto Rico), Miami, New Orleans, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco, and San Juan (Puerto Rico)
FAX: [1] (202) 265-8057
telephone: [1] (202) 332-6280
chancery: 1715 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Hans H. HERTELL
embassy: corner of Calle Cesar Nicolas Penson and Calle Leopoldo Navarro, Santo Domingo
mailing address: Unit 5500, APO AA 34041-5500
telephone: [1] (809) 221-7121
FAX: [1] (809) 686-7437
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
a centered white cross that extends to the edges divides the flag into four rectangles - the top ones are blue (hoist side) and red, and the bottom ones are red (hoist side) and blue; a small coat of arms is at the center of the cross
   Economy    Dominican Republic
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The Dominican economy experienced dramatic growth over the last decade, even though the economy was hit hard by Hurricane Georges in 1998. Although the country has long been viewed primarily as an exporter of sugar, coffee, and tobacco, in recent years the service sector has overtaken agriculture as the economy's largest employer, due to growth in tourism and free trade zones. The country suffers from marked income inequality; the poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of GNP, while the richest 10% enjoy 40% of national income. A US $500 million foreign bond issue in September 2001 will contribute to increased public investment spending.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $50 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $5,800 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 11.1%
industry: 34.1%
services: 54.8% (2000)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
25% (1999 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: 1.6%
highest 10%: 39.6% (1989)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
47.4 (1998)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
5% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
2.3 million - 2.6 million
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
services and government 58.7%, industry 24.3%, agriculture 17% (1998 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
15% (2001 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $2.9 billion
expenditures: $3.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.1 billion (2001 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2% (2001 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
9.475 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 87.21%
hydro: 12.53%
other: 0.26% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
8,812.029 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
sugarcane, coffee, cotton, cocoa, tobacco, rice, beans, potatoes, corn, bananas; cattle, pigs, dairy products, beef, eggs
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$5.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
ferronickel, sugar, gold, silver, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, meats, consumer goods
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 87.3%, Netherlands 1.1%, Canada 0.7%, France 0.7% (2000 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$8.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foodstuffs, petroleum, cotton and fabrics, chemicals and pharmaceuticals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 60.5%, Japan 10.4%, Mexico 4.7%, Venezuela 3% (2000 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$5.4 billion (2001 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$239.6 million (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Dominican peso (DOP)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
DOP
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Dominican pesos per US dollar - 17.310 (January 2002), 16.952 (2001), 16.415 (2000), 16.033 (1999), 15.267 (1998), 14.265 (1997)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Dominican Republic
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
709,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
130,149 (1997)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: relatively efficient system based on islandwide microwave radio relay network
international: 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 120, FM 56, shortwave 4 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
1.44 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
25 (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
770,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.do
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
24 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
25,000 (1999)
   Transportation    Dominican Republic
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 757 km
standard gauge: 375 km 1.435-m gauge (Central Romana Railroad)
miscellaneous gauge: 240 km operated by sugar companies in various gauges (0.558-m, 0.762-m, 1.067-m gauges) (2000 est.)
narrow gauge: 142 km 0.762-m gauge (Dominican Republic Government Railway)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 12,600 km
paved: 6,224 km
unpaved: 6,376 km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Pipelines:
Definition Field Listing
crude oil 96 km; petroleum products 8 km
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Barahona, La Romana, Manzanillo, Puerto Plata, San Pedro de Macoris, Santo Domingo
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,587 GRT/1,165 DWT
ships by type: cargo 1 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
29 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 13
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 16
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 10 (2001)
   Military    Dominican Republic
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Army, Navy, Air Force, National Police
Military manpower - military age:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age (2002 est.)
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 2,323,088 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 1,455,887 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males: 87,404 (2002 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$180 million (FY98)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
1.1% (FY98)
   Transnational Issues    Dominican Republic
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe; has become a transshipment point for ecstasy from the Netherlands and Belgium destined for US and Canada

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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