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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Micronesia, Federated States of  
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  Geography
  People
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  Economy
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In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Micronesia, Federated States of

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Micronesia, Federated States of
Background:
Definition Field Listing
In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
   Geography    Micronesia, Federated States of
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
6 55 N, 158 15 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 702 sq km
note: includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Truk (Chuuk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae
water: 0 sq km
land: 702 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
four times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
6,112 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Truk
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 6%
permanent crops: 46%
other: 48% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
typhoons (June to December)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
overfishing, climate change, pollution
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
four major island groups totaling 607 islands
   People    Micronesia, Federated States of
Population:
Definition Field Listing
135,869 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA deaths/1,000 population
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: NA years
male: NA years
female: NA years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Micronesian(s)
adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosrae(s), Pohnpeian(s), Trukese, Yapese
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
nine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 47%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official and common language), Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89%
male: 91%
female: 88% (1980 est.)
   Government    Micronesia, Federated States of
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form: none
abbreviation: FSM
former: Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and is due for renegotiation
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Palikir
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, Yap
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
10 May 1979
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, and customary laws
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Leo A. FALCAM (since 21 July 1999); Vice President Redley KILLION (since 21 July 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Leo A. FALCAM (since 21 July 1999); Vice President Redley KILLION (since 21 July 1999); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
cabinet: Cabinet
elections: president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms; election last held NA May 1999 (next to be held NA May 2003); note - a proposed constitutional amendment would establish popular elections for president and vice president
election results: Leo A. FALCAM elected president; percent of Congress vote - NA%; Redley KILLION elected vice president; percent of Congress vote - NA%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Congress (14 seats; members elected by popular vote; four - one elected from each state - to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population - to serve two-year terms)
elections: elections for four-year term seats last held 2 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2003); elections for two-year term seats last held 6 March 2001 (next to be held NA March 2003)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 14
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
no formal parties
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IFRCS (associate), IMF, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Jesse Bibiano MAREHALAU
telephone: [1] (202) 223-4383
consulate(s) general: Honolulu and Tamuning (Guam)
FAX: [1] (202) 223-4391
chancery: 1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Larry DINGER
embassy: address NA, Kolonia
mailing address: P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia 96941
telephone: [691] 320-2187
FAX: [691] 320-2186
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern
   Economy    Micronesia, Federated States of
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Economic activity consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remote location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. In 1996, the country experienced a 20% reduction in revenues from the Compact of Free Association - the agreement with the US in which Micronesia received $1.3 billion in financial and technical assistance over a 15-year period until 2001. Since these revenues accounted for 57% of consolidated government revenues, reduced Compact funding resulted in a severe depression. Economic activity recovered in 1999-2001. The country's medium-term economic outlook appears fragile due to likely further reductions in external grants made under the US Compact funding. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure remain major impediments to long-term growth.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $269 million (2001 est.)
note: GDP is supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $2,000 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 50%
industry: 4%
services: 46% (2000 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
2.5% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
two-thirds are government employees
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
16% (1999 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $161 million ($69 million less grants)
expenditures: $160 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, construction, fish processing, craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: NA%
nuclear: NA%
other: NA%
hydro: NA%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$22 million (f.o.b., FY99/00 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
fish, garments, bananas, black pepper
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Japan, US, Guam
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$149 million (f.o.b., FY99/00 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US, Australia, Japan
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$66.5 million (FY99/00 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
under terms of the Compact of Free Association, the US pledged $1.3 billion in grant aid during the period 1986-2001
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
US dollar (USD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
USD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
the US dollar is used
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 October - 30 September
   Communications    Micronesia, Federated States of
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
11,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: adequate system
domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes)
international: satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) (2002)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
9,400 (1996)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
2 (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
2,800 (1999)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.fm
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
1 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
2,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Micronesia, Federated States of
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 240 km
paved: 42 km
unpaved: 198 km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Colonia (Yap), Kolonia (Pohnpei), Lele, Moen
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none
note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: United States 1 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
7 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Micronesia, Federated States of
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state in free association with the US; FSM is totally dependent on the US for its defense
   Transnational Issues    Micronesia, Federated States of
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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