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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Grenada  
Flag of Grenada
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Grenada

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Grenada
Background:
Definition Field Listing
One of the smallest independent countries in the western hemisphere, Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.
   Geography    Grenada
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
12 07 N, 61 40 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 344 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
121 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
volcanic in origin with central mountains
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 6%
permanent crops: 26%
other: 68% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
   People    Grenada
Population:
Definition Field Listing
89,211 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 35.9% (male 16,213; female 15,863)
15-64 years: 60.3% (male 28,460; female 25,307)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 1,546; female 1,822) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.02% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
23.05 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
7.63 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-15.21 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
14.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 64.52 years
female: 66.31 years (2002 est.)
male: 62.74 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Grenadian(s)
adjective: Grenadian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5% , and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official), French patois
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 98% (1970 est.)
   Government    Grenada
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Grenada
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Saint George's
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
7 February 1974 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 7 February (1974)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
19 December 1973
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on English common law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996)
head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister appointed by the governor general from among the members of the House of Assembly
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 13-member body, 10 appointed by the government and three by the leader of the opposition) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 18 January 1999 (next to be held by NA October 2004)
election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NNP 14, GULP 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
West Indies Associate States Supreme Court (an associate judge resides in Grenada)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Herbert PREUDHOMME]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [leader vacant]; New National Party or NNP [George McGUIRE]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE
consulate(s) general: New York
FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468
telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561
chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: the ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada; Charge d'Affairs Nadia TONGOUR
embassy: Point Salines, Saint George's
mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, West Indies
telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1176
FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions
   Economy    Grenada
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Despite government steadying of annual economic growth in recent years through progress in fiscal reform and prudent macroeconomic management, a downturn in tourist arrivals in 2001 threatens government spending in 2002. Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange, although it also supports a small agriculture sector and a developing offshore financial industry. Short-term concerns include a rising fiscal deficit and the deterioration in the external account balance.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $424 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $4,750 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 7.7%
industry: 23.9%
services: 68.4% (2000)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
2.8% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
42,300 (1996)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
services 62%, agriculture 24%, industry 14% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
11.5% (1999)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $85.8 million
expenditures: $102.1 million, including capital expenditures of $28 million (1997)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.7% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
110 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
102.3 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$78 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Caricom 32.3%, UK 20%, US 13%, Netherlands 8.8% (1991)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$270 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel (1989)
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 31.2%, Caricom 23.6%, UK 13.8%, Japan 7.1% (1991)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$196 million (2000)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$8.3 million (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XCD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Grenada
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
27,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
976 (1997)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system
domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
international: new SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 2, FM 13, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
57,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
2 (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
33,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gd
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
14 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
4,100 (2001)
   Transportation    Grenada
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1,040 km
paved: 638 km
unpaved: 402 km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Grenville, Saint George's
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
3 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Grenada
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Royal Grenada Police Force, Coast Guard
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
   Transnational Issues    Grenada
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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