Top banner
The World Factbook 2002

         
  Guernsey  
Flag of Guernsey
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Guernsey

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Guernsey
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The island of Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II.
   Geography    Guernsey
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
49 28 N, 2 35 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Europe
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 78 sq km
note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands
water: 0 sq km
land: 78 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
50 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mostly level with low hills in southwest
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Sark 114 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
cropland
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port
   People    Guernsey
Population:
Definition Field Listing
64,587 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 16% (male 5,250; female 5,101)
15-64 years: 66.7% (male 21,356; female 21,728)
65 years and over: 17.3% (male 4,622; female 6,530) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.37% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.69 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.86 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
3.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 79.9 years
female: 83.01 years (2002 est.)
male: 76.91 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.36 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
UK and Norman-French descent
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
   Government    Guernsey
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
conventional short form: Guernsey
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
British crown dependency
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
St. Peter Port
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes including St. Peter Port, St. Sampson, Vale, Castel, St. Saviour, St. Pierre du Bois, Torteval, Forest, St. Martin, St. Andrew
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
English law and local statute; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; bailiff appointed by the monarch
head of government: Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Sir John FOLEY (since NA 2000) and Bailiff De Vic G. CAREY (since NA)
cabinet: Advisory and Finance Committee appointed by the Assembly of the States
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Assembly of the States; consists of the bailiff, 10 Douzaine (parish council) representatives, 45 people's deputies elected by popular vote, 2 representatives from Alderney, Her Majesty's Procureur (Attorney General), Her Majesty's Comptroller (Solicitor General) and Her Majesty's Greffier (Court Recorder and Registrar General); note - Alderney and Sark have their own parliaments
elections: last held 12 April 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - all independents
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Royal Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
none
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross
   Economy    Guernsey
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance, etc. - account for about 55% of total income in this tiny Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the rules of the game under which Guernsey operates.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $1.3 billion (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
5.7% (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $20,000 (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 3%
industry: 10%
services: 87% (2000)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
3.99% (2000 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
31,322 (2000)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.5% (1999 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $381.3 million
expenditures: $368.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, banking
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
UK (regarded as internal trade)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
UK (regarded as internal trade)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Guernsey pound
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
GBP
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Guernsey pounds per US dollar - 0.6944 (January 2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997); note - the Guernsey pound is at par with the British pound
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Guernsey
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
44,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
12,000 (1997)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: 1 submarine cable
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gg
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
NA
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
NA
   Transportation    Guernsey
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
5 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
St. Peter Port, Saint Sampson
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
2 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Guernsey
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Guernsey
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Bottom Banner

 




Copyright © 2013 All rights reserved.