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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Guadeloupe  
Flag of Guadeloupe
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In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Guadeloupe

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Guadeloupe
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Guadeloupe has been a French possession since 1635. The island of Saint Martin is shared with the Netherlands; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles and its northern portion is named Saint-Martin and is part of Guadeloupe
   Geography    Guadeloupe
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
16 15 N, 61 35 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1,780 sq km
note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago of nine inhabited islands, including Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Desirade, Iles des Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin (French part of the island of Saint Martin)
water: 74 sq km
land: 1,706 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
10 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 10.2 km
border countries: Netherlands Antilles (Sint Maarten) 10.2 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
306 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Soufriere 1,484 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
cultivable land, beaches and climate that foster tourism
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 11%
permanent crops: 4%
other: 85% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
20 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hurricanes (June to October); Soufriere de Guadeloupe is an active volcano
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
a narrow channel, the Riviere Salee, divides Guadeloupe proper into two islands: the larger, western Basse-Terre and the smaller, eastern Grande-Terre
   People    Guadeloupe
Population:
Definition Field Listing
435,739 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 24.9% (male 55,393; female 53,047)
15-64 years: 66.2% (male 142,945; female 145,757)
65 years and over: 8.9% (male 16,168; female 22,429) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.04% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
16.53 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.03 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 77.35 years
female: 80.66 years (2002 est.)
male: 74.19 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.92 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Guadeloupian(s)
adjective: Guadeloupe
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan African 4%, Protestant 1%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official) 99%, Creole patois
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90%
male: 90%
female: 90% (1982 est.)
   Government    Guadeloupe
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Department of Guadeloupe
conventional short form: Guadeloupe
local short form: Guadeloupe
local long form: Departement de la Guadeloupe
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas department of France
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Basse-Terre
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
28 September 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
French legal system
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Jean-Francois CARENCO (since NA July 1999)
election results: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils
head of government: President of the General Council Jacques GILLOT (since 23 March 2001); President of the Regional Council Lucette MICHAUX-CHEVRY (since 22 March 1992)
cabinet: NA
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral General Council or Conseil General (42 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms) and the unicameral Regional Council or Conseil Regional (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: General Council - last held 22 March 1998 (next to be held by NA 2004); Regional Council - last held 15 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2004)
note: Guadeloupe elects two representatives to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1995 (next to be held NA September 2004); percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPR 1, FGPS 1; Guadeloupe elects four representatives to the French National Assembly; elections last held 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held NA 2002); percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - diverse left parties 11, PS 8, RPR 8, PPDG 6, diverse right parties 5, PCG 3, UDF 1; Regional Council - percent of vote by party - RPR 48.03%, PS/PPDG/diverse left parties 24.49%, PCG 5.29%, diverse right parties 5.73%; seats by party - RPR 25, PS/PPDG/diverse left parties 12, PCG 2, diverse right parties 2
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French Guiana, and Martinique
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG [Christian CELESTE]; FGPS [Dominique LARIFLA]; Progressive Democratic Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Aldo BLAISE]; Socialist Party or PS [Georges LOUISOR]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Christian Movement for the Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG; General Federation of Guadeloupe Workers or CGT-G; General Union of Guadeloupe Workers or UGTG; Movement for Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
FZ, WCL, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas department of France)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used
   Economy    Guadeloupe
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The economy depends on agriculture, tourism, light industry, and services. It also depends on France for large subsidies and imports. Tourism is a key industry, with most tourists from the US; an increasingly large number of cruise ships visit the islands. The traditional sugarcane crop is slowly being replaced by other crops, such as bananas (which now supply about 50% of export earnings), eggplant, and flowers. Other vegetables and root crops are cultivated for local consumption, although Guadeloupe is still dependent on imported food, mainly from France. Light industry features sugar and rum production. Most manufactured goods and fuel are imported. Unemployment is especially high among the young. Hurricanes periodically devastate the economy.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $3.7 billion (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $9,000 (1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 15%
industry: 17%
services: 68% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
125,900 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
27.8% (1998)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $225 million
expenditures: $390 million, including capital expenditures of $105 million (1996)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
construction, cement, rum, sugar, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
1.39 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
1.293 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$140 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
bananas, sugar, rum
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 60%, Martinique 18%, US 4% (1997)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$1.7 billion (c.i.f., 1997)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods, construction materials
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 63%, Germany 4%, US 3%, Japan 2%, Netherlands Antilles 2% (1997)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$NA; note - substantial annual French subsidies
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
EUR; FRF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367 (1997)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Guadeloupe
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
171,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: domestic facilities inadequate
domestic: NA
international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); microwave radio relay to Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and Martinique
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
113,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
5 (plus several low-power repeaters) (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
118,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gp
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
3 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
4,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Guadeloupe
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
total: NA km; privately owned, narrow-gauge plantation lines
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2,560 km
paved: 965 km
unpaved: 1,595 km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Basse-Terre, Gustavia (on Saint Barthelemy), Marigot, Pointe-a-Pitre
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,240 GRT/109 DWT
ships by type: passenger 1
note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: France 1 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
9 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 8
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 5 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Guadeloupe
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular indigenous military forces; French Forces, Gendarmerie
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France
   Transnational Issues    Guadeloupe
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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