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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Guyana  
Flag of Guyana
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Guyana

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Guyana
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966 and became a republic in 1970. In 1989 Guyana launched an Economic Recovery Program, which marked a dramatic reversal from a state-controlled, socialist economy towards a more open, free market system. Results through the first decade have proven encouraging.
   Geography    Guyana
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
5 00 N, 59 00 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
South America
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 214,970 sq km
water: 18,120 sq km
land: 196,850 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than Idaho
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2,462 km
border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
459 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the outer edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 2%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 98% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
1,500 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the third-smallest country in South America after Suriname and Uruguay; substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively
   People    Guyana
Population:
Definition Field Listing
698,209
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 27.6% (male 98,198; female 94,397)
15-64 years: 67.4% (male 237,324; female 233,400)
65 years and over: 5% (male 15,510; female 19,380) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.23% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
17.89 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.33 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-6.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
38.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 62.59 years
female: 65.34 years (2002 est.)
male: 59.96 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.09 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
3.01% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
15,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
900 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Guyanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Guyanese
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
East Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Christian 50%, Hindu 35%, Muslim 10%, other 5%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98.1%
male: 98.6%
female: 97.5% (1995 est.)
   Government    Guyana
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
conventional short form: Guyana
former: British Guiana
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
republic within the Commonwealth
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Georgetown
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
10 regions; Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
26 May 1966 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Republic Day, 23 February (1970)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
6 October 1980
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on English common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Bharrat JAGDEO (since 11 August 1999); note - assumed presidency after resignation of President JAGAN
head of government: Prime Minister Samuel HINDS (since NA December 1997)
cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature
elections: president elected by the majority party in the National Assembly following legislative elections, which must be held at least every five years; elections last held 19 March 2001 (next to be held by March 2006); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: President Bharrat JAGDEO reelected; percent of legislative vote - NA%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly (68 seats, 65 elected by popular vote, 1 elected Speaker of the National Assembly, and 2 nonvoting members appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 19 March 2001 (next to be held NA March 2006)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PPP/C 34, PNC 27, GAP and WPA 2, ROAR 1, TUF 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court of Judicature; Judicial Court of Appeal; High Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Alliance for Guyana or AFG (includes Guyana Labor Party or GLP and Working People's Alliance or WPA) [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]; Guyana Action Party or GAP [Paul HARDY]; Guyana Labor Party or GLP [leader NA]; People's National Congress or PNC [Hugh Desmond HOYTE]; People's Progressive Party/Civic or PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, and Rebuild or ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force or TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; Working People's Alliance or WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Civil Liberties Action Committee or CLAC; Guyana Council of Indian Organizations or GCIO; Trades Union Congress or TUC
note: the GCIO and the CLAC are small and active but not well organized
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO (subscriber), ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OIC, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Ali Odeen ISHMAEL
chancery: 2490 Tracy Place NW, Washington, DC 20008
consulate(s) general: New York
FAX: [1] (202) 232-1297
telephone: [1] (202) 265-6900
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald D. GODARD
embassy: 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown
mailing address: P. O. Box 10507, Georgetown
telephone: [592] 225-4900 through 4909 and [592] 225-7961 through 7963
FAX: [592] 225-7316
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
green, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green
   Economy    Guyana
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The Guyanese economy has exhibited moderate economic growth since 1999, based on an expansion in the agricultural and mining sectors, a more favorable atmosphere for business initiatives, a more realistic exchange rate, fairly low inflation, and the continued support of international organizations. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. Low prices for key mining and agricultural commodities combined with troubles in the bauxite and sugar industries threaten the government's already tenuous fiscal position and dim prospects for 2002.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $2.5 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.8% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $3,600 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 36.1%
industry: 31.8%
services: 32.1% (2000)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
6% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
418,000 (2001 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.1% (2000) (understated)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $227 million
expenditures: $235.2 million, including capital expenditures of $93.4 million (2000)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
7.1% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
505 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 99.01%
hydro: 0.99%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
469.65 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
sugar, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish (shrimp)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$505 million (f.o.b., 2000)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Canada 22%, US 22%, UK 18%, Netherlands Antilles 11% (1999)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$585 million (c.i.f., 2000)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 29%, Trinidad and Tobago 18%, Netherlands Antilles 16%, UK 7% (1999)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$1.1 billion (2000)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$84 million (1995), Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative (HIPC) $253 million (1997)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Guyanese dollar (GYD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
GYD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Guyanese dollars per US dollar - 189.5 (December 2001), 187.3 (2001), 182.4 (2000), 178.0 (1999), 150.5 (1998), 142.4 (1997)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Guyana
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
70,000 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
6,100 (2000)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: fair system for long-distance calling
domestic: microwave radio relay network for trunk lines
international: tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 3, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
420,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
3 (one public station; two private stations which relay US satellite services) (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
46,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.gy
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
3 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
3,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Guyana
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 187 km
standard gauge: 139 km 1.435-m gauge
note: all dedicated to ore transport (2001 est.)
narrow gauge: 48 km 0.914-m gauge
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 7,970 km
paved: 590 km
unpaved: 7,380 km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
5,900 km (total length of navigable waterways)
note: Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km, respectively
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Bartica, Georgetown, Linden, New Amsterdam, Parika
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,929 GRT/4,507 DWT
ships by type: cargo 2 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
51 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 3 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 45
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 8
under 914 m: 36 (2001)
   Military    Guyana
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Guyana Defense Force (including Ground Forces, Coast Guard, and Air Corps), Guyana Police Force, Guyana People's Militia, Guyana National Service
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 206,199 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 155,058 (2002 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
   Transnational Issues    Guyana
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
all of the area west of the Essequibo (river) claimed by Venezuela; Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Kutari [Koetari] rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne); territorial sea boundary with Suriname is in dispute
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
transshipment point for narcotics from South America - primarily Venezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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