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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Jersey  
Flag of Jersey
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Jersey

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Jersey
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The island of Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both France and England. These islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II.
   Geography    Jersey
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Western Europe, island in the English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
49 15 N, 2 10 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Europe
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 116 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 116 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
70 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
temperate; mild winters and cool summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
gently rolling plain with low, rugged hills along north coast
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 143 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
arable land
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: NEGL%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
largest and southernmost of Channel Islands; about 30% of population concentrated in Saint Helier
   People    Jersey
Population:
Definition Field Listing
89,775 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 17.9% (male 8,287; female 7,729)
15-64 years: 67.3% (male 30,099; female 30,347)
65 years and over: 14.8% (male 5,729; female 7,584) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.44% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
10.86 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.22 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
5.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 78.78 years
female: 81.4 years (2002 est.)
male: 76.34 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.57 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
UK and Norman-French descent
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Anglican, Roman Catholic, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official), French (official), Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: NA
total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA
   Government    Jersey
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Bailiwick of Jersey
conventional short form: Jersey
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
British crown dependency
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Saint Helier
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
English law and local statute
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
NA years of age; universal adult
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch
head of government: Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief Air Chief Marshall Sir John CHESHIRE (since 24 January 2001) and Bailiff Philip Martin BAILHACHE (since NA February 1995)
cabinet: committees appointed by the Assembly of the States
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Assembly of the States (55 voting members - 12 senators, 12 constables or heads of parishes, 29 deputies; all elected for six-year terms, half elected every third year; the bailiff and the deputy bailiff; and 3 non-voting members - the Dean of Jersey, the Attorney General, and the Solicitor General all appointed by the monarch
elections: last held NA (next to be held NA)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 52
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (British crown dependency)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
white with a diagonal red cross extending to the corners of the flag and in the upper quadrant, surmounted by a yellow crown, a red shield holding the three lions of England in yellow
   Economy    Jersey
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The economy is based largely on international financial services, agriculture, and tourism. Potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes, and especially flowers are important export crops, shipped mostly to the UK. The Jersey breed of dairy cattle is known worldwide and represents an important export income earner. Milk products go to the UK and other EU countries. In 1996 the finance sector accounted for about 60% of the island's output. Tourism, another mainstay of the economy, accounts for 24% of GDP. In recent years, the government has encouraged light industry to locate in Jersey, with the result that an electronics industry has developed alongside the traditional manufacturing of knitwear. All raw material and energy requirements are imported, as well as a large share of Jersey's food needs. Light taxes and death duties make the island a popular tax haven.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $2.2 billion (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $24,800 (1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 5%
industry: 2%
services: 93% (1996)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
4.7% (1998)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
57,050 (1996)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.7% (1998 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $601 million
expenditures: $588 million, including capital expenditures of $98 million (2000 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, banking and finance, dairy
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
note: electricity supplied by France
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
potatoes, cauliflower, tomatoes; beef, dairy products
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
light industrial and electrical goods, foodstuffs, textiles
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
UK
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, foodstuffs, mineral fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
UK
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
none
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
none
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
British pound (GBP); note - there is also a Jersey pound
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
GBP
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Jersey pounds per US dollar - 0.6981 (January 2002), 0.6944 (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180 (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106 (1997); the Jersey pound is at par with the British pound
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Jersey
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
65,500 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
4,400 (1997)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: 3 submarine cables
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM NA, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.je
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
NA
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
NA
   Transportation    Jersey
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 577 km (1995)
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Gorey, Saint Aubin, Saint Helier
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Jersey
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Jersey
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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