Top banner
The World Factbook 2002

         
  Kiribati  
Flag of Kiribati
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Kiribati

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Kiribati
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.
   Geography    Kiribati
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator; the capital Tarawa is about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia; note - on 1 January 1995, Kiribati proclaimed that all of its territory lies in the same time zone as its Gilbert Islands group (GMT +12) even though the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands under its jurisdiction lie on the other side of the International Date Line
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
1 25 N, 173 00 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 811 sq km
note: includes three island groups - Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands
water: 0 sq km
land: 811 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
four times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
1,143 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; marine, hot and humid, moderated by trade winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mostly low-lying coral atolls surrounded by extensive reefs
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Banaba 81 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
phosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 51%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 49% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
typhoons can occur any time, but usually November to March; occasional tornadoes; low level of some of the islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
heavy pollution in lagoon of south Tarawa atoll due to heavy migration mixed with traditional practices such as lagoon latrines and open-pit dumping; ground water at risk
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
21 of the 33 islands are inhabited; Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Makatea in French Polynesia, and Nauru
   People    Kiribati
Population:
Definition Field Listing
96,335 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 40.2% (male 19,588; female 19,092)
15-64 years: 56.6% (male 26,905; female 27,625)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 1,339; female 1,786) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.28% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
31.58 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
8.76 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
52.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 60.54 years
female: 63.62 years (2002 est.)
male: 57.61 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.32 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural)
adjective: I-Kiribati
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
predominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic 52%, Protestant (Congregational) 40%, some Seventh-Day Adventist, Muslim, Baha'i, Latter-day Saints, and Church of God (1999)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
I-Kiribati, English (official)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%
   Government    Kiribati
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
conventional short form: Kiribati
former: Gilbert Islands
note: pronounced kir-ih-bahss
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Tarawa
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
3 units; Gilbert Islands, Line Islands, Phoenix Islands; note - in addition, there are 6 districts (Banaba, Central Gilberts, Line Islands, Northern Gilberts, Southern Gilberts, Tarawa) and 21 island councils - one for each of the inhabited islands (Abaiang, Abemama, Aranuka, Arorae, Banaba, Beru, Butaritari, Kanton, Kiritimati, Kuria, Maiana, Makin, Marakei, Nikunau, Nonouti, Onotoa, Tabiteuea, Tabuaeran, Tamana, Tarawa, Teraina)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
12 July 1979 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 12 July (1979)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
12 July 1979
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President Beniamina TIINGA (since NA December 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among their members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 27 November 1998 (next to be held by November 2002); vice president appointed by the president
election results: Teburoro TITO reelected president; percent of vote - Teburoro TITO 52.3%, Dr. Harry TONG 45.8%, Amberoti NIKORA 1.9%, Taberannang TIMEON 0%
cabinet: 12-member Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the House of Parliament
head of government: President Teburoro TITO (since 1 October 1994); Vice President Beniamina TIINGA (since NA December 2000); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral House of Parliament or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (42 seats; 39 elected by popular vote, one ex officio member - the attorney general, one appointed to represent Banaba, and one other; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 23 September 1998 (next to be held by October 2002)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Maneaban Te Mauri Party 14, National Progressive Party 11, independents 14
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Court of Appeal; High Court; 26 Magistrates' courts; judges at all levels are appointed by the president
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Maneaban Te Mauri Party [Teburoro TITO]; National Progressive Party [Teatao TEANNAKI]
note: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Kiribati; they more closely resemble factions or interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, or party structures
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, ITU, OPCW, Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WTrO (applicant)
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
Kiribati does not have an embassy in the US; there is an honorary consulate in Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
the US does not have an embassy in Kiribati; the ambassador to the Marshall Islands is accredited to Kiribati
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the upper half is red with a yellow frigate bird flying over a yellow rising sun, and the lower half is blue with three horizontal wavy white stripes to represent the ocean
   Economy    Kiribati
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
A remote country of 33 scattered coral atolls, Kiribati has few national resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits were exhausted at the time of independence from the UK in 1979. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports. The economy has fluctuated widely in recent years. Economic development is constrained by a shortage of skilled workers, weak infrastructure, and remoteness from international markets. Tourism provides more than one-fifth of GDP. The financial sector is at an early stage of development as is the expansion of private sector initiatives. Foreign financial aid, from UK, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and China, is a critical supplement to GDP, equal to 25%-50% of GDP in recent years. Remittances from workers abroad account for more than $5 million each year.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $79 million (2001 est.), supplemented by a nearly equal amount from external sources
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1.5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $840 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 30%
industry: 7%
services: 63% (1998 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
2.5% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (1985 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
2%; underemployment 70% (1992 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $28.4 million
expenditures: $37.2 million, including capital expenditures of $NA million (2000 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
fishing, handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.7% (1991 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
7 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
6.51 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
copra, taro, breadfruit, sweet potatoes, vegetables; fish
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$6 million (f.o.b., 1998)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
copra 62%, coconuts, seaweed, fish
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Japan, Bangladesh, US, Australia, Brazil, Poland (2000)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$44 million (c.i.f., 1999)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous manufactured goods, fuel
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Australia, Japan, Fiji, Poland, US (2000)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$10 million (1999 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$15.5 million (1995), largely from UK and Japan
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Australian dollar (AUD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
AUD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
NA
   Communications    Kiribati
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
3,800 (1999)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
note: Kiribati is being linked to the Pacific Ocean Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 1
note: the FM and shortwave stations may be inactive (2002)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
17,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (not reported to be active) (2002)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
1,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.ki
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
1 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
1,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Kiribati
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 670 km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
note: 27 km are paved in South Tarawa (2001)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
5 km (small network of canals in Line Islands)
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Banaba, Betio, English Harbour, Kanton
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,291 GRT/1,295 DWT
ships by type: passenger/cargo 1 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
21 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 17
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 4 (2001)
   Military    Kiribati
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular military forces; Police Force (carries out law enforcement functions and paramilitary duties; small police posts are on all islands)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
Kiribati does not have military forces; defense assistance is provided by Australia and NZ
   Transnational Issues    Kiribati
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Bottom Banner

 




Copyright © 2013 All rights reserved.