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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Mauritius  
Flag of Mauritius
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Mauritius

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Mauritius
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather and declining sugar prices have slowed economic growth leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.
   Geography    Mauritius
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
20 17 S, 57 33 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Political Map of the World
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2,040 sq km
note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
water: 10 sq km
land: 2,030 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
177 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Piton 828 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
arable land, fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 49%
permanent crops: 3%
other: 48% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
200 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
water pollution, degradation of coral reefs
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the main island, from which the country derives its name, is of volcanic origin and is almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs
   People    Mauritius
Population:
Definition Field Listing
1,200,206 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 25.4% (male 153,810; female 150,464)
15-64 years: 68.3% (male 409,028; female 411,070)
65 years and over: 6.3% (male 30,170; female 45,664) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.86% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
16.34 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.81 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.92 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
16.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 71.53 years
female: 75.58 years (2002 est.)
male: 67.54 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
2 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.08% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Mauritian(s)
adjective: Mauritian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Hindu 52%, Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 2.3%), Muslim 16.6%, other 3.1%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official), Creole, French (official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 82.9%
male: 87.1%
female: 78.8% (1995 est.)
   Government    Mauritius
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
conventional short form: Mauritius
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary democracy
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Port Louis
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands*, Black River, Cargados Carajos Shoals*, Flacq, Grand Port, Moka, Pamplemousses, Plaines Wilhems, Port Louis, Riviere du Rempart, Rodrigues*, Savanne
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
12 March 1968 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 12 March (1968)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Karl OFFMANN (since 25 February 2002) and Vice President Raouf BUNDHUN (since 25 February 2002)
head of government: Prime Minister Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 17 September 2000) and Deputy Prime Minister Paul BERENGER (since 17 September 2000)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms; election last held 25 February 2002 (next to be held NA 2007); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president, responsible to the National Assembly
election results: Karl OFFMANN elected president and Raouf BUNDHUN elected vice president; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA%
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly (66 seats; 62 elected by popular vote, 4 appointed by the election commission from the losing political parties to give representation to various ethnic minorities; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 11 September 2000 (next to be held by September 2005)
election results: percent of vote by party - MSM/MMM 52.3%, MLP/PMSD 36.9%, OPR 10.8%; seats by party - MSM/MMM 54, MLP/PMSD 6, OPR 2
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Hizbullah [Cehl Mohamed FAKEEMEEAH]; Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER] - in coalition with MSM; Mauritian Militant Renaissance or MMR [Dr. Paramhansa NABABSING]; Mauritian Social Democrat Party or PMSD [Charles Xavier-Luc DUVAL]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH] - governing party; Rodrigues Movement or OPR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
various labor unions
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Usha JEETAH
FAX: [1] (202) 966-0983
telephone: [1] (202) 244-1491, 1492
chancery: Suite 441, 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Bisa WILLIAMS
embassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis
mailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-2450
telephone: [230] 208-2347, 208-2354, 208-9763 through 9767
FAX: [230] 208-9534
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green
   Economy    Mauritius
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 25% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on foreign investment. Mauritius has attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India and South Africa, and investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector and responsible fiscal management, was well-poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $12.9 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
5.2% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $10,800 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 6%
industry: 33%
services: 61% (1999 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
10% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
0.37 (1987 est.)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
4.2% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
514,000 (1995)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
construction and industry 36%, services 24%, agriculture and fishing 14%, trade, restaurants, hotels 16%, transportation and communication 7%, finance 3% (1995)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
8.6% (2001 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $1.1 billion
expenditures: $1.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing; chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery; tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
8% (2000 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
1.285 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 91.05%
hydro: 8.95%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
1.195 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$1.6 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
UK 25.8%, France 20.8%, US 16.0%, South Africa 10.9%, Germany, Italy (2000 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$2 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals (1996)
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
South Africa 20.0%, France 19.0%, India 9.0%, Hong Kong 5.2%, UK (2000 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$2.3 billion (2000 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$42 million (1997)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Mauritian rupee (MUR)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
MUR
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Mauritian rupees per US dollar - 30.345 (January 2002), 29.129 (2001), 26.250 (2000), 25.186 (1999), 22.993 (1998), 21.057 (1997)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 July - 30 June
   Communications    Mauritius
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
245,000 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
60,482 (1998)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: small system with good service
domestic: primarily microwave radio relay
international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 5, FM 9, shortwave 2 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
420,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
2 (plus several repeaters) (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
258,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.mu
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
2 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
87,000 (2001)
   Transportation    Mauritius
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km (2002)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1,860 km
paved: 1,786 km (including 36 km of expressways)
unpaved: 74 km (2001)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Port Louis
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 66,004 GRT/90,017 DWT
ships by type: cargo 2, combination bulk 2, container 2, refrigerated cargo 2
note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience:, Belgium 1, India 3, Norway 1, Switzerland 2 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
5 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2001)
   Military    Mauritius
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
National Police Force (includes the paramilitary Special Mobile Force or SMF and National Coast Guard)
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 340,050 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 171,239 (2002 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$9.1 million (FY01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
0.2% (FY01)
   Transnational Issues    Mauritius
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Mauritius claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory), and its former inhabitants, who reside chiefly in Mauritius, but were granted UK citizenship and the right to repatriation in 2001; claims French-administered Tromelin Island
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
minor consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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