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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Norfolk Island  
Flag of Norfolk Island
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Norfolk Island

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Norfolk Island
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
   Geography    Norfolk Island
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
29 02 S, 167 57 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Oceania
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 34.6 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 34.6 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
32 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
subtropical, mild, little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Bates 319 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
typhoons (especially May to July)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
most of the 32-km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated
   People    Norfolk Island
Population:
Definition Field Listing
1,866 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 20.2%
15-64 years: 63.9%
65 years and over: 15.9% (1996)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.69% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA births/1,000 population
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: NA male(s)/female
under 15 years: NA male(s)/female
15-64 years: NA male(s)/female
65 years and over: NA male(s)/female
total population: NA male(s)/female
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: NA years
female: NA years
male: NA years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Norfolk Islander(s)
adjective: Norfolk Islander(s)
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
descendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Anglican 37.4%, Uniting Church in Australia 14.5%, Roman Catholic 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.1%, none 12.2%, unknown 17.4%, other 3.9% (1996)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official), Norfolk a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
NA
   Government    Norfolk Island
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Territory of Norfolk Island
conventional short form: Norfolk Island
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
territory of Australia; Canberra administers Commonwealth responsibilities on Norfolk Island through the Department of Environment, Sport, and Territories
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Kingston
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (territory of Australia)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (territory of Australia)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Pitcairners Arrival Day, 8 June (1856)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
Norfolk Island Act of 1979
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on the laws of Australia, local ordinances and acts; English common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian or Norfolk Island law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); the UK and Australia are represented by Administrator Anthony J. MESSNER (since 4 August 1997)
election results: Geoffrey Robert GARDNER elected chief minister; percent of Legislative Assembly vote - NA%
elections: the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia; chief minister elected by the Legislative Assembly for a term of not more than three years; election last held 29 November 2001 (next to be held by December 2004)
head of government: Assembly President and Chief Minister Geoffrey Robert GARDNER (since 5 December 2001)
cabinet: Executive Council is made up of four of the nine members of the Legislative Assembly; the council devises government policy and acts as an advisor to the administrator
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any one candidate; members serve three-year terms)
elections: last held 29 November 2001 (next to be held by December 2004)
election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court; Court of Petty Sessions
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
none
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (territory of Australia)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
three vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centered in the slightly wider white band
   Economy    Norfolk Island
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Tourism, the primary economic activity, has steadily increased over the years and has brought a level of prosperity unusual among inhabitants of the Pacific islands. The agricultural sector has become self-sufficient in the production of beef, poultry, and eggs.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $NA
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
tourism NA%, subsistence agriculture NA%
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $4.6 million
expenditures: $4.8 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY92/93)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
Norfolk Island pine seed, Kentia palm seed, cereals, vegetables, fruit; cattle, poultry
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$1.5 million (f.o.b., FY91/92)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
postage stamps, seeds of the Norfolk Island pine and Kentia palm, small quantities of avocados
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$17.9 million (c.i.f., FY91/92)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Australia, other Pacific island countries, NZ, Asia, Europe
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Australian dollar (AUD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
AUD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.9354 (January 2002), 1.9320 (2001), 1.7173 (2000), 1.5497 (1999), 1.5888 (1998), 1.3439 (1997)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 July - 30 June
   Communications    Norfolk Island
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
1,087 (1983)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
0 (1983)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: adequate
domestic: NA
international: radiotelephone service with Sydney (Australia)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
2,500 (1996)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (local programming station plus two repeaters that bring in Australian programs by satellite) (1998)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
1,200 (1996)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.nf
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
2 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
NA
   Transportation    Norfolk Island
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 80 km
paved: 53 km
unpaved: 27 km (2001)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
none; loading jetties at Kingston and Cascade
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Norfolk Island
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of Australia
   Transnational Issues    Norfolk Island
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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