Top banner
The World Factbook 2002

         
  Netherlands Antilles  
Flag of Netherlands Antilles
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Netherlands Antilles

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Netherlands Antilles
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade, the island of Curacao was hard hit by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of oil refineries to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. The island of Saint Martin is shared with France; its northern portion is named Saint-Martin and is part of Guadeloupe, and its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles.
   Geography    Netherlands Antilles
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - one includes Curacao and Bonaire north of Venezuela; the other is east of the Virgin Islands
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
12 15 N, 68 45 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 960 sq km
note: includes Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin)
water: 0 sq km
land: 960 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 10.2 km
border countries: Guadeloupe (Saint Martin) 10.2 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
364 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
generally hilly, volcanic interiors
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Scenery 862 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
phosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 10%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 90% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
Curacao and Bonaire are south of Caribbean hurricane belt and are rarely threatened; Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are subject to hurricanes from July to October
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
the five islands of the Netherlands Antilles are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao)
   People    Netherlands Antilles
Population:
Definition Field Listing
214,258 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 25% (male 27,351; female 26,135)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 68,431; female 75,312)
65 years and over: 7.9% (male 7,049; female 9,980) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.93% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
16.16 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
11.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 75.15 years
female: 77.46 years (2002 est.)
male: 72.96 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.06 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Dutch Antillean(s)
adjective: Dutch Antillean
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
mixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Seventh-Day Adventist
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) predominates, English widely spoken, Spanish
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 99% (1981 est.)
   Government    Netherlands Antilles
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Netherlands Antilles
local long form: none
former: Curacao and Dependencies
local short form: Nederlandse Antillen
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 1954; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Willemstad
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
note: each island has its own government
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA in 1909 and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX in 1980), 30 April
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
29 December 1954, Statute of the Realm of the Netherlands, as amended
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Jaime SALEH (since NA October 1989)
head of government: Prime Minister Miguel POURIER (since 8 November 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Susanne CAMELIA-ROMER (since NA)
cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Staten
note: government coalition - PDB, DP-St. M, FOL, PLKP, PNP
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch for a six-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually elected prime minister by the Staten; election last held 18 January 2002 (next to be held by NA 2006)
note: Miguel POURIER became prime minister following the resignation of Susanne CAMELIA-ROMER
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral States or Staten (22 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
note: the government of Prime Minister Miguel POURIER is a coalition of several parties; current seats by party - PAR 4, PNP 3, FOL 2, MAN 2, UPB 2, DP-St. M 2, PDB 1, SEA 1, WIPM 1, other 4
elections: last held 18 January 2002 (next to be held NA 2006)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - FOL 5, PAR 4, PNP 3, PLKP 2, DP-St.M 2, UPB 2, DP 1, MAN 1, PDB 1, WIPM 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Joint High Court of Justice (judges appointed by the monarch)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Antillean Restructuring Party or PAR [Miguel POURIER]; C 93 [Stanley BROWN]; Democratic Party of Bonaire or PDB [Jopi ABRAHAM]; Democratic Party of Curacao or DP [Errol HERNANDEZ]; Democratic Party of Sint Eustatius or DP-St. E [Julian WOODLEY]; Democratic Party of Sint Maarten or DP-St. M [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS]; Foundation Energetic Management Anti-Narcotics or FAME [Eric LODEWIJKS]; Labor Party People's Crusade or PLKP [Errol COVA]; National People's Party or PNP [Susanne F. C. CAMELIA-ROMER]; New Antilles Movement or MAN [Kenneth GIJSBERTHA]; Patriotic Union of Bonaire or UPB [Ramon BOOI]; Patriotic Movement of Sint Maarten or SPA [Vance JAMES, Jr.]; People's Party or PAPU [Richard Hodi]; Pro Curacao Party or PPK [Winston LOURENS]; Saba Democratic Labor Movement [Steve HASSELL]; Saba Unity Party [Carmen SIMMONDS]; St. Eustatius Alliance or SEA [Kenneth VAN PUTTEN]; Serious Alternative People's Party or Sapp [Julian ROLLOCKS]; Social Action Cause or KAS [Benny DEMEI]; Windward Islands People's Movement or WIPM [Will JOHNSTON]; Workers' Liberation Front or FOL [Anthony GODETT, Rignald LAK, Editha WRIGHT]
note: political parties are indigenous to each island
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
Caricom (observer), CCC, ECLAC (associate), Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU, WCL, WMO, WToO (associate)
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Consul General Deborah A. BOLTON
consulate(s) general: J. B. Gorsiraweg #1, Willemstad AN, Curacao
mailing address: P. O. Box 158, Willemstad, Curacao
telephone: [599] (9) 4613066
FAX: [599] (9) 4616489
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
white, with a horizontal blue stripe in the center superimposed on a vertical red band, also centered; five white, five-pointed stars are arranged in an oval pattern in the center of the blue band; the five stars represent the five main islands of Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten
   Economy    Netherlands Antilles
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Tourism, petroleum refining, and offshore finance are the mainstays of this small economy, which is closely tied to the outside world. Although GDP has declined in each of the past five years, the islands enjoy a high per capita income and a well-developed infrastructure compared with other countries in the region. Almost all consumer and capital goods are imported, the US and Mexico being the major suppliers. Poor soils and inadequate water supplies hamper the development of agriculture.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $2.4 billion (2000 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
-3.5% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $11,400 (2000 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 1%
industry: 15%
services: 84% (1996 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
5.8% (2000 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
89,000
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 1%, industry 13%, services 86% (1994 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
15% (1998 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $710.8 million
expenditures: $741.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
1.175 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
1.093 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
aloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$276 million (f.o.b., 2000)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
petroleum products
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 35.9%, Guatemala 9.4%, Venezuela 8.7%, France 5.4%, Singapore 2.8% (2000)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$1.5 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
crude petroleum, food, manufactures
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 25.8%, Mexico 20.7%, Gabon 6.6%, Italy 5.8%, Netherlands 5.5% (2000)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$1.35 billion (1996)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
IMF provided $61 million in 2000, and the Netherlands continued its support with $40 million
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
ANG
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Netherlands Antillean guilders per US dollar - 1.790 (fixed rate since 1989)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Netherlands Antilles
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
76,000 (1995)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
13,977 (1996)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: generally adequate facilities
domestic: extensive interisland microwave radio relay links
international: submarine cables - 2; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 9, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
217,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
3 (there is also a cable service which supplies programs received from various US satellite networks and two Venezuelan channels) (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
69,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.an
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
6
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
2,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Netherlands Antilles
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
0 km (2002)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 600 km
paved: 300 km
unpaved: 300 km (1992)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Kralendijk, Philipsburg, Willemstad
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
total: 123 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,056,362 GRT/1,341,735 DWT
ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 39, chemical tanker 2, combination ore/oil 4, container 24, liquefied gas 5, multi-functional large-load carrier 15, passenger 1, refrigerated cargo 24, roll on/roll off 7
note: includes foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Belgium 3, Denmark 2, Germany 43, Monaco 8, Netherlands 52, New Zealand 1, Norway 3, Peru 1, Spain 1, Sweden 3, United Kingdom 5 (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
5 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 5
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Netherlands Antilles
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular indigenous military forces; Royal Netherlands Navy, Marine Corps, Royal Netherlands Air Force, National Guard, Police Force
Military manpower - military age:
Definition Field Listing
20 years of age (2002 est.)
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 54,752 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 30,642 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males: 1,610 (2002 est.)
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
   Transnational Issues    Netherlands Antilles
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
money-laundering center; transshipment point for South American drugs bound for the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Bottom Banner

 




Copyright © 2013 All rights reserved.