Top banner
The World Factbook 2002

         
  Saint Kitts and Nevis  
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Click to enlarge
Categories Banner
  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Background:
Definition Field Listing
First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed.
   Geography    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
water: 0 sq km
land: 261 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
135 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
contiguous zone: 24 NM
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
volcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
arable land
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 17%
permanent crops: 3%
other: 80% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hurricanes (July to October)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island
   People    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Population:
Definition Field Listing
38,736 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 29.4% (male 5,827; female 5,571)
15-64 years: 61.9% (male 11,980; female 12,005)
65 years and over: 8.7% (male 1,383; female 1,970) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.01% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
18.61 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
9.04 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-9.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
15.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 71.29 years
female: 74.26 years (2002 est.)
male: 68.49 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.39 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
predominantly black some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97%
male: 97%
female: 98% (1980 est.)
   Government    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Basseterre
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
19 September 1983 (from UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
19 September 1983
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on English common law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SKNLP 8, CCM 2, NRP 1
elections: last held 6 March 2000 (next to be held by July 2005)
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts and Nevis)
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; People's Action Movement or PAM [Lindsey GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
the US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador in Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red
   Economy    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Sugar was the traditional mainstay of the St. Kitts economy until the 1970s. Although the crop still dominates the agricultural sector, activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. As tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands' foreign exchange, a decline in stopover tourist arrivals following the September 11 terrorist attacks has eroded government finances. The government revised estimates of 2001 growth down to 1% and faces dim recovery prospects in 2002, given the depressed state of the tourism industry, low sugar prices, and a growing budget deficit.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $339 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
1% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $8,700 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 3.5%
industry: 25.8%
services: 70.7% (2001)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
1.7% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
18,172 (June 1995)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.5% (1997)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $85.7 million
expenditures: $95.6 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001 est.)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
sugar processing, tourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
95 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
88.35 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$51.7 million (2000 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
machinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 68.5%, UK 22.3%, Caricom countries 5.5% (1995 est.)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$141.3 million (2000 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 42.4%, Caricom countries 17.2%, UK 11.3% (1995 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$140 million (2000)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$5.5 million (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XCD
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
17,000 (1997)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
205 (1997)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: good interisland and international connections
domestic: interisland links to Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) are handled by VHF/UHF/SHF radiotelephone
international: international calls are carried by radiotelephone to Antigua and Barbuda and switched there to submarine cable or to Intelsat; or carried to Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles) by radiotelephone and switched to Intelsat
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 3, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
28,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
10,000 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.kn
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
16 (2000)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
2,000 (2000)
   Transportation    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 58 km
narrow gauge: 58 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts to serve sugarcane plantations (2002)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 320 km
paved: 136 km
unpaved: 184 km (2000)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
Basseterre, Charlestown
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing
none (2002 est.)
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
2 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (including Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force (including Special Service Unit)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
   Transnational Issues    Saint Kitts and Nevis
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Bottom Banner

 




Copyright © 2013 All rights reserved.