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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Tromelin Island  
Flag of Tromelin Island
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Tromelin Island

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Tromelin Island
Background:
Definition Field Listing
First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
   Geography    Tromelin Island
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
15 52 S, 54 25 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 1 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
3.7 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
low, flat, and sandy
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (scattered bushes) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary
   People    Tromelin Island
Population:
Definition Field Listing
uninhabited (July 2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA
   Government    Tromelin Island
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tromelin Island
local short form: Ile Tromelin
local long form: none
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
possession of France; administered by a high commissioner of the Republic, resident in Reunion
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used
   Economy    Tromelin Island
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
no economic activity
   Communications    Tromelin Island
Communications - note:
Definition Field Listing
important meteorological station
   Transportation    Tromelin Island
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
none; offshore anchorage only
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)
   Military    Tromelin Island
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France
   Transnational Issues    Tromelin Island
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
claimed by Madagascar and Mauritius

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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