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The World Factbook 2002

         
  Burkina Faso  
Flag of Burkina Faso
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  Introduction
  Geography
  People
  Government
  Economy
  Communications
  Transportation
  Military
  Transnational Issues

In general, information available as of 1 January 2002
was used in the preparation of The World Factbook 2002.


This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


Map of Burkina Faso

Legend: Definition Definition Field Listing Field Listing
   Introduction    Burkina Faso
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Independence from France came to Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) in 1960. Governmental instability during the 1970s and 1980s was followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Several hundred thousand farm workers migrate south every year to Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana.
   Geography    Burkina Faso
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Western Africa, north of Ghana
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
13 00 N, 2 00 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing
total: 274,200 sq km
water: 400 sq km
land: 273,800 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly larger than Colorado
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3,193 km
border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
none (landlocked)
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, antimony, copper, nickel, bauxite, lead, phosphates, zinc, silver
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 13%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 87% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
250 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
recurring droughts
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas
   People    Burkina Faso
Population:
Definition Field Listing
12,603,185
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 47.3% (male 3,007,675; female 2,960,697)
15-64 years: 49.8% (male 3,000,411; female 3,271,594)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 151,976; female 210,832) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.64% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing
44.34 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing
17.07 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
-0.84 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing
105.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing
total population: 46.11 years
female: 46.78 years (2002 est.)
male: 45.45 years
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.26 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.44% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing
350,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing
43,000 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)
adjective: Burkinabe
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Mossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
indigenous beliefs 40%, Muslim 50%, Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 10%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 36% (2001)
male: NA%
female: NA%
   Government    Burkina Faso
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Burkina Faso
former: Upper Volta, Republic of Upper Volta
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary republic
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Ouagadougou
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
30 provinces; Bam, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houe, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komoe, Kossi, Kouritenga, Mouhoun, Namentenga, Naouri, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Sanguie, Sanmatenga, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Yatenga, Zoundweogo
note: a new electoral code was approved by the National Assembly in January 1997; the number of administrative provinces was increased from 30 to 45 (Bale, Bam, Banwa, Bazega, Bougouriba, Boulgou, Boulkiemde, Comoe, Ganzourgou, Gnagna, Gourma, Houet, Ioba, Kadiogo, Kenedougou, Komandjari, Kompienga, Kossi, Koupelogo, Kouritenga, Kourweogo, Leraba, Loroum, Mouhoun, Nahouri, Namentenga, Nayala, Naumbiel, Oubritenga, Oudalan, Passore, Poni, Samentenga, Sanguie, Seno, Sissili, Soum, Sourou, Tapoa, Tuy, Yagha, Yatenga, Ziro, Zondomo, Zoundweogo), however, this change has not yet been confirmed by the US Board on Geographic Names
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
5 August 1960 (from France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Republic Day, 11 December (1958)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
2 June 1991 approved by referendum; 11 June 1991 formally adopted
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French civil law system and customary law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Blaise COMPAORE (since 15 October 1987)
head of government: Prime Minister Ernest Paramanga YONLI (since 6 November 2000)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
election results: Blaise COMPAORE reelected president with 87.5% percent of the vote
note: President COMPAORE faces an increasingly well-coordinated opposition; recent charges against a former member of his Presidential Guard in the 1998 assassination of a newspaper editor signify an attempt to defuse chronic areas of dissatisfaction
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 15 November 1998 (next to be held NA 2005); in April 2000, the constitution was amended reducing the presidential term from seven to five years, enforceable as of 2005, and allowing the president to be reelected only once; it is unclear whether this amendment will be applied retroactively or not; prime minister appointed by the president with the consent of the legislature
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (111 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CDP 57, RDA-ADF 17, PDP/PS 10, CFD 5, PAI 5, others 17
elections: National Assembly election last held 5 May 2002 (next to be held NA May 2007)
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court; Appeals Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
African Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy and Federation or RDA-ADF [Herman YAMEOGO]; Confederation for Federation and Democracy or CFD [Amadou Diemdioda DICKO]; Congress for Democracy and Progress or CDP [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE]; Movement for Tolerance and Progress or MTP [Noyabtigungu Congo KABORE]; Party for African Independence or PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party for Democracy and Progress or PDP [Joseph KI-ZERBO]; Union of Greens for the Development of Burkina Faso or UVDB [Ram OVEDRAGO]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Burkinabe General Confederation of Labor or CGTB; Burkinabe Movement for Human Rights or MBDHP; Group of 14 February; National Confederation of Burkinabe Workers or CNTB; National Organization of Free Unions or ONSL; watchdog/political action groups throughout the country in both organizations and communities
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (subscriber), ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Tertius ZONGO
chancery: 2340 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
FAX: [1] (202) 667-1882
telephone: [1] (202) 332-5577
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Jimmy J. KOLKER
embassy: 2440 Ouagadougou Place, Ouagadougou
mailing address: 01 B. P. 35, Ouagadougou 01
telephone: [226] 306723
FAX: [226] 303890
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
   Economy    Burkina Faso
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
One of the poorest countries in the world, landlocked Burkina Faso has a high population density, few natural resources, and a fragile soil. About 90% of the population is engaged in (mainly subsistence) agriculture, which is highly vulnerable to variations in rainfall. Industry remains dominated by unprofitable government-controlled corporations. Following the African franc currency devaluation in January 1994 the government updated its development program in conjunction with international agencies, and exports and economic growth have increased. Maintenance of macroeconomic progress depends on continued low inflation, reduction in the trade deficit, and reforms designed to encourage private investment.
GDP:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $12.8 billion (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.7% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita:
Definition Field Listing
purchasing power parity - $1,040 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 31%
industry: 28%
services: 41% (2000)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
45% (2001 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 39.5% (1994)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
Definition Field Listing
48.2 (1994)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing
3.5% (2001 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing
5 million (1999)
note: a large part of the male labor force migrates annually to neighboring countries for seasonal employment
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture 90% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $316 million
expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA (2001)
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
14% (2001 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing
282 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source:
Definition Field Listing
fossil fuel: 70.92%
hydro: 29.08%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing
262.26 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, cotton, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Exports:
Definition Field Listing
$265 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
cotton, animal products, gold
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Venezuela 14.7%, Benelux 12.2%, Italy 9.6%, France 7.0% (2000)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing
$580 million (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
capital goods, food products, petroleum
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Cote d'Ivoire 25.1%, Venezuela 23.4%, France 17.0% (2000)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing
$1.5 billion (1999)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$484.1 million (1995)
Currency:
Definition Field Listing
Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF); note - responsible authority is the Central Bank of the West African States
Currency code:
Definition Field Listing
XOF
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar - 742.79 (January 2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.70 (1999), 589.95 (1998), 583.67 (1997); note - from 1 January 1999, the XOF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XOF per euro
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Burkina Faso
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing
53,200 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing
25,200 (2000)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: all services only fair
domestic: microwave radio relay, open wire, and radiotelephone communication stations
international: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 3, FM 17, shortwave 3 (2002)
Radios:
Definition Field Listing
394,020 (2000)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
1 (2001)
Televisions:
Definition Field Listing
131,340 (2002)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.bf
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
Definition Field Listing
4 (2001)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing
10,000 (2001)
   Transportation    Burkina Faso
Railways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 622 km (517 km from Ouagadougou to the Cote d'Ivoire border and 105 km from Ouagadougou to Kaya)
narrow gauge: 622 km 1.000-m gauge (1995 est.)
Highways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 12,506 km
paved: 2,001 km
unpaved: 10,505 km (1996)
Waterways:
Definition Field Listing
none
Ports and harbors:
Definition Field Listing
none
Airports:
Definition Field Listing
33 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 31
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 12
under 914 m: 16 (2001)
   Military    Burkina Faso
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Army, Air Force, National Gendarmerie, National Police, People's Militia
Military manpower - availability:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 2,688,072 (2002 est.)
Military manpower - fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 15-49: 1,379,010 (2002 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing
$40.1 million (FY01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing
1.4% (FY01)
   Transnational Issues    Burkina Faso
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
two villages are in dispute with Benin

This page was last updated on 1 January 2002


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